从零部署.NetCoreAPI到Linux

  • 从零部署.NetCoreAPI到Linux已关闭评论
  • 12 次浏览
  • A+
所属分类:linux技术
摘要

购买服务器创建root用户,设置密码启动ssh系统默认是关闭的,需要打开下。如何在 Ubuntu 20.04 上安装 Nginx


从零部署.NetCore到Linux

购买Ubuntu服务器

  1. 购买服务器

  2. 创建root用户,设置密码

    # 创建root用户 sudo passwd root # 输入两次密码 
  3. 启动ssh

    系统默认是关闭的,需要打开下。

安装Nginx

如何在 Ubuntu 20.04 上安装 Nginx

sudo命令解释

​ sudo是linux系统管理指令,是允许系统管理员让普通用户执行一些或者全部的root命令的一个工具,如halt,reboot,su等等。这样不仅减少了root用户的登录 和管理时间,同样也提高了安全性。sudo不是对shell的一个代替,它是面向每个命令的。

apt命令详解

​ apt的全称是Advanced Packaging Tool是Linux系统下的一款安装包管理工具。

Nginx在默认的Ubuntu源仓库中可用。想要安装它,运行下面的命令:

sudo apt update sudo apt install nginx 

一旦安装完成,Nginx会自动启动。你可以运行下面的命令来验证它:

sudo systemctl status nginx 

安装docker

Ubuntu Docker 安装

安装命令如下:

curl -fsSL https://get.docker.com | bash -s docker --mirror Aliyun 

创建docker镜像并运行容器

  1. 编写.NET Core Api 代码

  2. 编写Dockerfile文件

    #See https://aka.ms/containerfastmode to understand how Visual Studio uses this Dockerfile to build your images for faster debugging.  FROM mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/aspnet:6.0 AS base WORKDIR /app EXPOSE 80 EXPOSE 443  FROM mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/sdk:6.0 AS build WORKDIR /src COPY ["twgdh.test.csproj", "."] RUN dotnet restore "./twgdh.test.csproj" COPY . . WORKDIR "/src/." RUN dotnet build "twgdh.test.csproj" -c Release -o /app/build  FROM build AS publish RUN dotnet publish "twgdh.test.csproj" -c Release -o /app/publish  FROM base AS final WORKDIR /app COPY --from=publish /app/publish . ENTRYPOINT ["dotnet", "twgdh.test.dll"] 
  3. 将代码和Dockerfile文件Copy到服务器。

    利用ssh传输文件

    Copy后服务器目录结构如下:

    root@VM-16-9-ubuntu:/home/root/twgdh.test/twgdh.test# tree . ├── appsettings.Development.json ├── appsettings.json ├── Controllers │   └── WeatherForecastController.cs ├── Dockerfile ├── Program.cs ├── Properties │   └── launchSettings.json ├── twgdh.test.csproj ├── twgdh.test.csproj.user ├── twgdh.test.sln └── WeatherForecast.cs 
  4. 构建镜像

    docker build -t twgdh.test .  # 注意最后有个点,表示当前目录 
  5. 运行容器

    docker run -d --name twgdh.test1.0 -p 8080:80 twgdh.test 
  6. 测试容器是否正常运行

    root@VM-16-9-ubuntu:~# curl -i "http://127.0.0.1:8080/WeatherForecast" HTTP/1.1 200 OK Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8 Date: Fri, 29 Apr 2022 08:04:36 GMT Server: Kestrel Transfer-Encoding: chunked  [{"date":"2022-04-30T08:04:37.1916863+00:00","temperatureC":44,"temperatureF":111,"summary":"Balmy"},{"date":"2022-05-01T08:04:37.1926873+00:00","temperatureC":-1,"temperatureF":31,"summary":"Warm"},{"date":"2022-05-02T08:04:37.1926914+00:00","temperatureC":1,"temperatureF":33,"summary":"Sweltering"},{"date":"2022-05-03T08:04:37.1926916+00:00","temperatureC":5,"temperatureF":40,"summary":"Cool"},{"date":"2022-05-04T08:04:37.1926918+00:00","temperatureC":45,"temperatureF":112,"summary":"Bracing"}] 

将域名指向服务器

​ 修改域名的解析信息。

配置Nginx请求转发

  1. 修改/etc/nginx/nginx.conf文件

    .... events {     ... }  http {     ....     server {         listen 		80;				# 监听80端口         server_name	test.twgdh.com;	# 监听的域名          location / {             proxy_pass	http://127.0.0.1:8080;	# 转发到的地址         }	     }     ..... } 
  2. 重新加载nginx配置文件

    nginx -s reload

测试使用域名访问容器中的网站

root@VM-16-9-ubuntu:~# curl -i "http://test.twgdh.com/WeatherForecast" HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: nginx/1.18.0 (Ubuntu) Date: Fri, 29 Apr 2022 08:52:02 GMT Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8 Transfer-Encoding: chunked Connection: keep-alive  [{"date":"2022-04-30T08:52:02.8364462+00:00","temperatureC":-12,"temperatureF":11,"summary":"Mild"},{"date":"2022-05-01T08:52:02.8364555+00:00","temperatureC":45,"temperatureF":112,"summary":"Hot"},{"date":"2022-05-02T08:52:02.836456+00:00","temperatureC":31,"temperatureF":87,"summary":"Cool"},{"date":"2022-05-03T08:52:02.8364562+00:00","temperatureC":29,"temperatureF":84,"summary":"Sweltering"},{"date":"2022-05-04T08:52:02.8364564+00:00","temperatureC":9,"temperatureF":48,"summary":"Mild"}] 

将站点配置为Https

nginx/1.18.0进行SSL证书配置

在Nginx(或Tengine)服务器上安装证书

  1. 下载nginx证书

  2. 上传证书文件到服务器

    C:UsersOliver-PC>scp -r C:UsersOliver-PCDesktopTempNginx证书5715401_test.twgdh.com_nginx root@test.twgdh.com:/etc/nginx/certificate root@test.twgdh.com's password: 5715401_test.twgdh.com.key                                                            100% 1675    34.7KB/s   00:00 5715401_test.twgdh.com.pem                                                            100% 3801    55.9KB/s   00:00 
  3. 修改nginx.conf 配置

    ..... events { 	....... }  http {  	......... 	server { 		listen 		80; 		server_name	test.twgdh.com;  		location / { 			proxy_pass	http://127.0.0.1:8080; 		}	 	}  	## 	# SSL Settings 	## 	server { 		listen 		443 ssl; 		server_name	test.twgdh.com;  		ssl_certificate   /etc/nginx/certificate/5715401_test.twgdh.com_nginx/5715401_test.twgdh.com.pem; 		ssl_certificate_key  /etc/nginx/certificate/5715401_test.twgdh.com_nginx/5715401_test.twgdh.com.key; 		ssl_session_timeout 5m; 		ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2; 		ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5:!RC4:!DHE;         		ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on; 		location / { 			proxy_pass	http://127.0.0.1:8080; 		}	 	} 	................. } 
  4. 重新加载nginx配置文件

    nginx -s reload

  5. 测试访问

    从零部署.NetCoreAPI到Linux

--至此大功告成--