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轻量级nginx,源码编译2进制安装


环境:

系统:redhat6.4

IP:193.168.20

nginx版本:nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz

安装方式:源码编译安装

安装:

安装ngin前,确保系统安装了软件库gcc,openssl-devel,pcre-devel,zlib-devel(用于编译安装依赖)

在rehat6.4及redhat7以上版本,系统光盘里有这些库,挂载安装就好

nginx下载地址:http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz

1.安装nginx

[root@redhat6 ~]# groupadd -r nginx [root@redhat6 ~]# useradd -r -g nginx -s /bin/false -M nginx  [root@redhat6 ~]# tar xzf nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz  [root@redhat6 ~]# cd nginx-1.18.0 [root@redhat6 nginx-1.18.0]# ./configure  --prefix=/opt/nginx  --conf-path=/opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf  --sbin-path=/opt/nginx/sbin/nginx  --error-log-path=/opt/nginx/logs/error.log  --http-log-path=/opt/nginx/logs/access.log  --pid-path=/opt/nginx/run/nginx.pid  --lock-path=/opt/nginx/run/nginx.lock  --user=nginx  --group=nginx  --with-http_ssl_module  --with-http_flv_module  --with-http_stub_status_module  --with-http_gzip_static_module  --http-client-body-temp-path=/opt/nginx/client/  --http-proxy-temp-path=/opt/nginx/proxy/  --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/opt/nginx/fcgi/  --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/opt/nginx/uwsgi  --http-scgi-temp-path=/opt/nginx/scgi  --with-pcre [root@redhat6 nginx-1.18.0]# make && make install 

  2.启动:

[root@redhat6 ~]# yum install -y net-tools (查看端口状态工具) [root@redhat6 ~]# netstat -ntpl |grep 80 (检查80端口是否占用) [root@redhat6 ~]# ps -ef |grep nginx     (检查nginx是否以启动) root       4729   4222  0 07:21 pts/2    00:00:00 grep nginx [root@redhat6 ~]# /opt/nginx/sbin/nginx [root@redhat6 ~]# netstat -ntpl |grep 80 tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80                  0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      4734/nginx           [root@redhat6 ~]# ps -ef |grep nginx root       4734      1  0 07:22 ?        00:00:00 nginx: master process /apt/nginx/sbin/nginx nginx      4735   4734  0 07:22 ?        00:00:00 nginx: worker process root       4739   4194  0 07:23 pts/1    00:00:00 grep nginx 3.访问: [root@redhat6 ~]# iptables -F (不关防火墙,就要配置允许nignx,否则不可访问) [root@redhat6 ~]# curl http://193.168.0.20 (下图是windows上的访问例子)

轻量级nginx,源码编译2进制安装

 

 

(注:停止&重读配置文件)

[root@redhat6 ~]# /apt/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop      #停止服务
[root@redhat6 ~]# /apt/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload  #重载服务配置
出现重载错误问题:

[root@redhat ~]# /opt/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
nginx: [error] open() "/opt/nginx/run/nginx.pid" failed (2: No such file or directory)

  使用nginx -c 指定配置文件:/opt/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

4.怎么添加到systemctl(redhat7以上才支持):

编译安装的nginx需要添加rc.local

nginx.service要添加可执行权限

加入前要先停止nginx,在用systemctl启动,不然会报错,显示nginx已在运行无法重启进程

[root@redhat ~]# cd /usr/lib/systemd/system [root@redhat system]# vim nginx.service  [Unit] Description=nginx After=network.target  [Service] Type=forking ExecStart=/opt/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf ExecReload=/opt/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf ExecStop=/opt/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop PrivateTmp=true  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target [root@redhat system]# chmod +x nginx.service [root@redhat system]# /opt/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop [root@redhat system]# systemctl daemon-reload  

  

安装路径要确定,一般其他日志这些都默认安装到“安装路径”子目录下面

–prefix=/opt/nginx (安装路径)
–conf-path=/opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf (主配置文件路径)
–sbin-path=/opt/nginx/sbin/nginx (2进制进程启动路径)
–error-log-path=/opt/nginx/logs/error.log (日志)
–http-log-path=/opt/nginx/logs/access.log (日志)
–pid-path=/opt/nginx/run/nginx.pid (进程pid路径名)
–lock-path=/opt/nginx/run/nginx.lock
–user=nginx (运行用户)
–group=nginx (运行组)
–with-http_ssl_module (启用ssl模块)
–with-http_flv_module
–with-http_stub_status_module (启用监控状态)
–with-http_gzip_static_module
–http-client-body-temp-path=/opt/nginx/client/
–http-proxy-temp-path=/opt/nginx/proxy/
–http-fastcgi-temp-path=/opt/nginx/fcgi/
–http-uwsgi-temp-path=/opt/nginx/uwsgi
–http-scgi-temp-path=/opt/nginx/scgi
–with-pcre

常用命令:

开启nginx /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
关闭nginx /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop
重启nginx /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
测试配置和退出 /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
nginx配置文件

/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

如有什么细节,还请大家指出

 

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