ubuntu_24.04 Noble LTS安装docker desktop启动无窗口及引擎启动失败的解决方法

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所属分类:linux技术
摘要

现象: 执行sudo apt install ./docker-desktop-4.29.0-amd64.deb成功安装docker desktop后,无论是在菜单里点击Docker Desktop图标还是执行systemctl –user start docker-desktop均没有窗口出现。
查看日志:在~/.docker/desktop/log/host/Docker Desktop.stderr.log 中有以下内容:


ubuntu_24.04 LTS安装docker desktop启动无窗口及引擎启动失败的解决方法

1. 安装docker desktop后启动无窗口

现象: 执行sudo apt install ./docker-desktop-4.29.0-amd64.deb成功安装docker desktop后,无论是在菜单里点击Docker Desktop图标还是执行systemctl --user start docker-desktop均没有窗口出现。
查看日志:在~/.docker/desktop/log/host/Docker Desktop.stderr.log 中有以下内容:

[2024-04-27T06:39:49.728616797Z] [22344:0427/143949.728566:FATAL:setuid_sandbox_host.cc(157)] The SUID sandbox helper binary was found, but is not configured correctly. Rather than run without sandboxing I'm aborting now. You need to make sure that /opt/docker-desktop/chrome-sandbox is owned by root and has mode 4755. 

解决方法:执行

sudo chown root:root /opt/docker-desktop/chrome-sandbox sudo chmod 4755 /opt/docker-desktop/chrome-sandbox 

然后执行 systemctl --user restart docker-desktop,窗口出现,问题解决。

2. 启动出现 "An unexpected error occurred"或一直显示"Starting the Docker Engine..."

报错内容:

running engine: waiting for the VM setup to be ready: running filesharing: running virtiofsd for /home:  Error entering sandbox: DropSupplementalGroups(Os { code: 1, kind: PermissionDenied, message: "Operation not permitted" }) 

执行sudo dmesg出现以下等内容

[ 2329.792894] audit: type=1400 audit(1714467432.031:190): apparmor="DENIED" operation="capable" class="cap" profile="unprivileged_userns" pid=10057 comm="virtiofsd" capability=6  capname="setgid" 

解决方法:

echo "==> Disabling Apparmor unprivileged userns mediation" echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/apparmor_restrict_unprivileged_userns  echo "==> Disabling Apparmor unprivileged unconfined mediation" echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/apparmor_restrict_unprivileged_unconfined 

root权限执行以上内容(方法来源: https://github.com/canonical/lxd/issues/12882#issuecomment-1941766215
该方法会带来一定的安全风险
这个问题应该与ubuntu 24.04 的 Unprivileged user namespace restrictions 有关,应该会修复