C#使用MiniExcel导入导出数据到Excel/CSV文件

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所属分类:.NET技术
摘要

MiniExcel简介简单、高效避免OOM的.NET处理Excel查、写、填充数据工具。目前主流框架大多需要将数据全载入到内存方便操作,但这会导致内存消耗问题,MiniExcel 尝试以 Stream 角度写底层算法逻辑,能让原本1000多MB占用降低到几MB,避免内存不够情况。

MiniExcel简介

简单、高效避免OOM的.NET处理Excel查、写、填充数据工具。

目前主流框架大多需要将数据全载入到内存方便操作,但这会导致内存消耗问题,MiniExcel 尝试以 Stream 角度写底层算法逻辑,能让原本1000多MB占用降低到几MB,避免内存不够情况。

C#使用MiniExcel导入导出数据到Excel/CSV文件

特点:

  • 低内存耗用,避免OOM、频繁 Full GC 情况
  • 支持即时操作每行数据
  • 兼具搭配 LINQ 延迟查询特性,能办到低消耗、快速分页等复杂查询
  • 轻量,不需要安装 Microsoft Office、COM+,DLL小于150KB
  • 简便操作的 API 风格

项目地址:mini-software/MiniExcel: Fast, Low-Memory, Easy Excel .NET helper to import/export/template spreadsheet (support Linux, Mac) (github.com)

C#使用MiniExcel导入导出数据到Excel/CSV文件

安装 MiniExcel

C#使用MiniExcel导入导出数据到Excel/CSV文件

导出数据

 public class Student   {       public string? Name { get; set; }       public string? Home { get; set; }       public int? Age {  get; set; }      }   //获得当前目录的路径  string currentDirectory = Directory.GetCurrentDirectory();   //合并当前目录与Excel文件名  var path = Path.Combine(currentDirectory, $"{Guid.NewGuid()}.xlsx");     List<Student> studentList = new List<Student>()   {       new Student { Name = "小东", Home = "New York", Age = 25 },       new Student { Name = "小西", Home = "London", Age = 22 },       new Student { Name = "小南", Home = "Paris", Age = 28 },       new Student { Name = "小北", Home = "Tokyo", Age = 24 },       new Student { Name = "小王", Home = "Berlin", Age = 26 }  };  MiniExcel.SaveAs(path, studentList); 

导入Excel中如下图所示:

C#使用MiniExcel导入导出数据到Excel/CSV文件

但是目前还不支持Excel的插入:

C#使用MiniExcel导入导出数据到Excel/CSV文件

因此如果遇到不仅仅只是生成Excel,后续还要向Excel添加数据的需求,可以用csv代替:

 //获得当前目录的路径  string currentDirectory = Directory.GetCurrentDirectory();   //合并当前目录与CSV文件名  var path = Path.Combine(currentDirectory, $"{Guid.NewGuid()}.csv");   List<Student> studentList = new List<Student>()   {       new Student { Name = "小东", Home = "New York", Age = 25 },       new Student { Name = "小西", Home = "London", Age = 22 },       new Student { Name = "小南", Home = "Paris", Age = 28 },       new Student { Name = "小北", Home = "Tokyo", Age = 24 },       new Student { Name = "小王", Home = "Berlin", Age = 26 }  };   MiniExcel.SaveAs(path, studentList); 

生成的CSV文件如下图所示:

C#使用MiniExcel导入导出数据到Excel/CSV文件

向CSV文件继续添加数据:

  //获得当前目录的路径   string currentDirectory = Directory.GetCurrentDirectory();    //合并当前目录与Excel文件名   //var path = Path.Combine(currentDirectory, $"{Guid.NewGuid()}.csv");   var path = Path.Combine(currentDirectory, "10de09bb-ad8c-4430-b717-5f24117a11a6.csv");    List<Student> studentList = new List<Student>()    {        new Student { Name = "小东", Home = "New York", Age = 25 },        new Student { Name = "小西", Home = "London", Age = 22 },        new Student { Name = "小南", Home = "Paris", Age = 28 },        new Student { Name = "小北", Home = "Tokyo", Age = 24 },        new Student { Name = "小王", Home = "Berlin", Age = 26 }   };    //MiniExcel.SaveAs(path, studentList);   MiniExcel.Insert(path, studentList); 

继续添加数据后的CSV文件如下图所示:

C#使用MiniExcel导入导出数据到Excel/CSV文件

导入数据

 var path = "你的文件路径";  var rows = MiniExcel.Query<Student>(path); 

实现效果如下所示:

C#使用MiniExcel导入导出数据到Excel/CSV文件