centos8-x86_64安装kylinv10-arrch64

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摘要

1. vmware esxi安装centos8,开启内核虚拟化2. 安装qemu-system-arrch64操作:报错1:Python not found. Use –python=/path/to/python

1. vmware esxi安装centos8,开启内核虚拟化

2. 安装qemu-system-arrch64

操作:

wget https://download.qemu.org/qemu-2.11.0.tar.xz  tar xvJf qemu-2.11.0.tar.xz  cd qemu-2.11.0  ./configure –-target-list=aarch64-softmmu  make  make install

报错1:Python not found. Use --python=/path/to/python

#  ./configure --target-list=aarch64-softmmu  ERROR: Python not found. Use --python=/path/to/python   #解决1,指定python路径,提示当前python版本过高: # ./configure --target-list=aarch64-softmmu --python=/usr/bin/python3.6  ERROR: Cannot use '/usr/bin/python3.6', Python 2.6 or later is required.        Note that Python 3 or later is not yet supported.        Use --python=/path/to/python to specify a supported Python. #解决2,下载python2,再次尝试遇到新的报错 # ./configure --target-list=aarch64-softmmu --python=/usr/bin/python2  ERROR: "cc" either does not exist or does not work

报错2:ERROR: "cc" either does not exist or does not work

下载gcc解决该报错,然后提示依然是缺包

# ./configure --target-list=aarch64-softmmu --python=/usr/bin/python2  ERROR: zlib check failed        Make sure to have the zlib libs and headers installed.

报错3:ERROR: zlib check failed  Make sure to have the zlib libs and headers installed.

下载zlib zlib-devel,然后再次提示缺包

# ./configure --target-list=aarch64-softmmu --python=/usr/bin/python2  ERROR: glib-2.22 gthread-2.0 is required to compile QEMU

下载glib2 glib2-devel,提示还是缺包

下载pixman pixman-devel

./config成功

make告警:缺少命令:flex bison

下载flex,bison

然后还是失败:

util/memfd.c:40:12: error: static declaration of ‘memfd_create’ follows non-static declaration  static int memfd_create(const char *name, unsigned int flags)             ^~~~~~~~~~~~ In file included from /usr/include/bits/mman-linux.h:117,                  from /usr/include/bits/mman.h:49,                  from /usr/include/sys/mman.h:41,                  from /root/qemu-2.11.0/include/sysemu/os-posix.h:29,                  from /root/qemu-2.11.0/include/qemu/osdep.h:104,                  from util/memfd.c:28: /usr/include/bits/mman-shared.h:46:5: note: previous declaration of ‘memfd_create’ was here  int memfd_create (const char *__name, unsigned int __flags) __THROW;      ^~~~~~~~~~~~ make: *** [/root/qemu-2.11.0/rules.mak:66: util/memfd.o] Error 1

 

看百度上各种解决办法,懒得去一个一个验证,直接换最新的包

 wget https://download.qemu.org/qemu-7.2.0.tar.xz

查看README文件,根据提示操作

 mkdir build   cd build   ../configure   make

提示缺包ninjia

yum --enablerepo=powertools install ninja-build

这次提示python版本过低

Found ninja-1.8.2 at /usr/bin/ninja Running postconf script '/usr/bin/python3 /root/qemu-7.2.0/scripts/symlink-install-tree.py' NOTICE: You are using Python 3.6 which is EOL. Starting with v0.62.0, Meson will require Python 3.7 or newer

安装一个python3.9 然后把/usr/bin/python3指向python3.9

然后再次执行

 mkdir build   cd build   ../configure --target-list=aarch64-softmmu   make

无报错

make install

缺包就装包:perl

然后make install成功

# which qemu-system-aarch64 /usr/local/bin/qemu-system-aarch64

为了支持UEFI启动,下载UEFI固件

wget https://www.kraxel.org/repos/firmware.repo  yum install edk2.git-aarch64

 编辑/etc/libvirt/qemu.conf最后一行添加

 nvram = [    "/usr/share/edk2.git/aarch64/QEMU_EFI-pflash.raw:/usr/share/edk2.git/aarch64/vars-template-pflash.raw" ]  

 

 

 

 

 

参考链接:https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UEFI/virt-install

https://www.txisfine.cn/archives/a0d5fa12

https://www.cnblogs.com/linuxxl/p/11658387.html

https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/353547345