搭建自己的harbor仓库并上传和下载镜像

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所属分类:linux技术
摘要

打开网址就会跳转到https直接登录和上传下载镜像会报错在docker服务器端使用证书文件

搭建自己的harbor仓库并上传和下载镜像

1.1 搭建harbor服务器

[root@rocky8 ~]$ cat /data/scripts/install_harbor.sh  #!/bin/bash  DOCKER_VERSION="20.10.10" UBUNTU_DOCKER_VERSION="5:${DOCKER_VERSION}~3-0~${ID}-${UBUNTU_CODENAME}" DOCKER_COMPOSE_VERSION="2.16.0" DOCKER_COMPOSE_FILE=docker-compose-Linux-x86_64 HARBOR_VERSION="2.5.6" HARBOR_BASE="/usr/local/" HARBOR_NAME=harbor.yanlinux.org HARBOR_IP=`hostname -I|awk '{print $1}'` HARBOR_ADMIN_PASSWORD=123456  COLOR_SUCCESS="echo -e \033[1;32m" COLOR_FAILURE="echo -e \033[1;31m" END="33[m"  . /etc/os-release  color () {     RES_COL=60     MOVE_TO_COL="echo -en \033[${RES_COL}G"     SETCOLOR_SUCCESS="echo -en \033[1;32m"     SETCOLOR_FAILURE="echo -en \033[1;31m"     SETCOLOR_WARNING="echo -en \033[1;33m"     SETCOLOR_NORMAL="echo -en E[0m"     echo -n "$1" && $MOVE_TO_COL     echo -n "["     if [ $2 = "success" -o $2 = "0" ] ;then         ${SETCOLOR_SUCCESS}         echo -n $"  OK  "     elif [ $2 = "failure" -o $2 = "1"  ] ;then         ${SETCOLOR_FAILURE}         echo -n $"FAILED"     else         ${SETCOLOR_WARNING}         echo -n $"WARNING"     fi     ${SETCOLOR_NORMAL}     echo -n "]"     echo }  install_docker() {     if [ $ID = "centos" -o $ID = "rocky" ];then         if [ $VERSION_ID = "7" ];then             cat >  /etc/yum.repos.d/docker.repo  <<EOF [docker] name=docker gpgcheck=0 #baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/7/x86_64/stable/ baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/docker-ce/linux/centos/7/x86_64/stable/ EOF         else                  cat >  /etc/yum.repos.d/docker.repo  <<EOF [docker] name=docker gpgcheck=0 #baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/8/x86_64/stable/ baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/docker-ce/linux/centos/8/x86_64/stable/ EOF         fi         yum clean all         yum makecache         ${COLOR_FAILURE} "Docker有以下版本"${END}         yum list docker-ce --showduplicates         ${COLOR_FAILURE}"5秒后即将安装: docker-"${DOCKER_VERSION}" 版本....."${END}         sleep 5         yum -y install docker-ce-${DOCKER_VERSION} docker-ce-cli-${DOCKER_VERSION} || { color "Base,Extras的yum源失败,请检查yum源配置" 1;exit; }     else 	    dpkg -s docker-ce &> /dev/null && $COLOR"Docker已安装,退出" 1 && exit         apt update || { color "更新包索引失败" 1 ; exit 1; }         apt  -y install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl software-properties-common ||              { color "安装相关包失败" 1 ; exit 2;  }         curl -fsSL https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/docker-ce/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -         add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) stable"         apt update         ${COLOR_FAILURE} "Docker有以下版本"${END}         apt-cache madison docker-ce         ${COLOR_FAILURE}"5秒后即将安装: docker-"${UBUNTU_DOCKER_VERSION}" 版本....."${END}         ${COLOR_FAILURE}"如果想安装其它Docker版本,请按ctrl+c键退出,修改版本再执行"${END}         sleep 5         apt -y  install docker-ce=${UBUNTU_DOCKER_VERSION} docker-ce-cli=${UBUNTU_DOCKER_VERSION}     fi      if [ $? -eq 0 ];then         color "安装软件包成功"  0     else         color "安装软件包失败,请检查网络配置" 1         exit     fi     mkdir -p /etc/docker     tee /etc/docker/daemon.json <<EOF {   "registry-mirrors": ["https://5lwrg1ye.mirror.aliyuncs.com"],   "insecure-registries":["harbor.yanlinux.org"] } EOF 	systemctl daemon-reload     systemctl enable docker     systemctl restart docker     docker version && color "Docker 安装成功" 0 ||  color "Docker 安装失败" 1      echo 'alias rmi="docker images -qa|xargs docker rmi -f"' >> ~/.bashrc 	echo 'alias rmc="docker ps -qa|xargs docker rm -f"' >> ~/.bashrc     echo 'alias dps="docker ps -a"' >> ~/.bashrc     echo 'alias dim="docker images"' >> ~/.bashrc }  install_docker_compose() {     ${COLOR_SUCCESS}"开始安装 Docker compose....."${END}     sleep 5     if [ ! -e ${DOCKER_COMPOSE_FILE} ];then         curl -L https://get.daocloud.io/docker/compose/releases/download/v${DOCKER_COMPOSE_VERSION}/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m) -o /usr/bin/docker-compose     else         mv ${DOCKER_COMPOSE_FILE} /usr/bin/docker-compose     fi     chmod +x /usr/bin/docker-compose      if docker-compose --version ;then         ${COLOR_SUCCESS}"Docker Compose 安装完成"${END}      else         ${COLOR_FAILURE}"Docker compose 安装失败"${END}         exit     fi   }  install_harbor() {     ${COLOR_SUCCESS}"开始安装 Harbor....."${END}     sleep 5     #下载文件     if [ ! -e harbor-offline-installer-v${HARBOR_VERSION}.tgz ];then         wget https://github.com/goharbor/harbor/releases/download/v${HARBOR_VERSION}/harbor-offline-installer-v${HARBOR_VERSION}.tgz || ${COLOR_FAILURE} "下载失败!" ${END}     fi     #[ -d ${HARBOR_BASE} ] ||  mkdir ${HARBOR_BASE}     tar xvf harbor-offline-installer-v${HARBOR_VERSION}.tgz  -C ${HARBOR_BASE}     cd ${HARBOR_BASE}/harbor      #编辑配置文件     cp harbor.yml.tmpl harbor.yml     sed -ri "/^hostname/s/reg.mydomain.com/${HARBOR_NAME}/" harbor.yml     sed -ri "/^https/s/(https:)/#1/" harbor.yml     sed -ri "s/(port: 443)/#1/" harbor.yml     sed -ri "/certificate:/s/(.*)/#1/" harbor.yml     sed -ri "/private_key:/s/(.*)/#1/" harbor.yml     sed -ri "s/Harbor12345/${HARBOR_ADMIN_PASSWORD}/" harbor.yml     sed -i 's#^data_volume: /data#data_volume: /data/harbor#' harbor.yml      ${HARBOR_BASE}/harbor/install.sh && ${COLOR_SUCCESS}"Harbor 安装完成"${END} ||  ${COLOR_FAILURE}"Harbor 安装失败"${END}      cat > /lib/systemd/system/harbor.service << EOF [Unit] Description=Harbor After=docker.service systemd-networkd.service systemd-resolved.service Requires=docker.service Documentation=http://github.com/vmware/harbor  [Service] Type=simple Restart=on-failure RestartSec=5 ExecStart=/usr/bin/docker-compose -f  ${HARBOR_BASE}/harbor/docker-compose.yml up ExecStop=/usr/bin/docker-compose -f ${HARBOR_BASE}/harbor/docker-compose.yml down  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target EOF      systemctl daemon-reload     systemctl enable --now harbor &> /dev/null || ${COLOR}"Harbor已配置为开机自动启动"${END}      if [ $?  -eq 0 ];then         echo         color "Harbor安装完成!" 0         echo "-------------------------------------------------------------------"         echo -e "请访问链接: E[32;1mhttp://${HARBOR_IP}/E[0m" 		echo -e "用户和密码: E[32;1madmin/${HARBOR_ADMIN_PASSWORD}E[0m"     else         color "Harbor安装失败!" 1         exit     fi }  docker info &> /dev/null && ${COLOR_FAILURE}"Docker已安装"${END} || install_docker docker-compose --version &> /dev/null && ${COLOR_FAILURE}"Docker Compose已安装"${END} || install_docker_compose install_harbor  [root@rocky8 ~]$ sh /data/scripts/install_harbor.sh 

1.2 在Harbor服务器(10.0.0.18)上配置https

1.2.1 生成Harbor服务器证书

#生成ca的私钥 openssl genrsa -out ca.key 4096  #生成ca的自签名证书 openssl req -x509 -new -nodes -sha512 -days 3650  -subj "/C=CN/ST=Jiangsu/L=Nanjing/O=example/OU=Personal/CN=yanlinux.org"  -key ca.key  -out ca.crt  #生成harbor主机的私钥 openssl genrsa -out harbor1.yanlinux.org.key 4096  #生成harbor主机的证书申请 openssl req -new -sha512  -subj "/C=CN/ST=Jiangsu/L=Nanjing/O=example/OU=Personal/CN=harbor1.yanlinux.org"  -key harbor1.yanlinux.org.key  -out harbor1.yanlinux.org.csr  #创建x509 v3扩展文件(新版新增的要求) cat > v3.txt <<EOF authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer basicConstraints=CA:FALSE keyUsage = digitalSignature, nonRepudiation, keyEncipherment, dataEncipherment extendedKeyUsage = serverAuth subjectAltName = @alt_names   [alt_names] DNS.1=yanlinux.org DNS.2=yanlinux DNS.3=harbor1.yanlinux.org  #域名 EOF  #给harbor主机颁发证书 openssl x509 -req -sha512 -days 3650  -extfile v3.txt  -CA ca.crt -CAkey ca.key -CAcreateserial  -in harbor1.yanlinux.org.csr  -out harbor1.yanlinux.org.crt  #最终文件 ca.crt  ca.srl                   harbor1.yanlinux.org.csr  v3.txt ca.key  harbor1.yanlinux.org.crt  harbor1.yanlinux.org.key 

1.2.2 配置Harbor服务器使用证书

mkdir /data/harbor/certs/  #拷贝证书文件 cp harbor1.yanlinux.org.crt harbor1.yanlinux.org.key /data/harbor/certs/  #修改配置,加上https认证 vim /usr/local/harbor/harbor.yml ...... # https related config https:   # https port for harbor, default is 443   port: 443   # The path of cert and key files for nginx   certificate: /data/harbor/certs/harbor1.yanlinux.org.crt   private_key: /data/harbor/certs/harbor1.yanlinux.org.key ......  #使配置生效 cd /usr/local/harbor ./prepare; docker-compose down -v; docker-compose up -d 

打开网址就会跳转到https

搭建自己的harbor仓库并上传和下载镜像

1.3 在Docker服务器端(10.0.0.8)下载CA的证书并上传镜像

直接登录和上传下载镜像会报错

[root@rocky8 ~]$ vi /etc/hosts 10.0.0.18 harbor1.yanlinux.org  #没有证书验证,直接登录失败 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker login harbor1.yanlinux.org Username: admin Password:  Error response from daemon: Get "https://harbor1.yanlinux.org/v2/": x509: certificate signed by unknown authority  #拉取失败 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker pull harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/nginx:1.22.1-20230222 Error response from daemon: Get "https://harbor1.yanlinux.org/v2/": x509: certificate signed by unknown authority 

在docker服务器端使用证书文件

#在harbor服务器端,转换harbor的crt证书文件为cert后缀,docker识别crt文件为CA证书,cert为客户端证书 [root@rocky8 certs]$ openssl x509 -inform PEM -in harbor1.yanlinux.org.crt -out harbor1.yanlinux.org.cert [root@rocky8 certs]$ ll harbor1.yanlinux.org.c*rt -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2134 Feb 28 22:24 harbor1.yanlinux.org.cert -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2134 Feb 28 21:46 harbor1.yanlinux.org.crt  #两个文件一样,直接cp -a harbor1.yanlinux.org.crt harbor1.yanlinux.org.cert就行 [root@rocky8 certs]$ md5sum harbor1.yanlinux.org.cert harbor1.yanlinux.org.crt 23ef17b3e9fa2069fe5a190dd8b428de  harbor1.yanlinux.org.cert 23ef17b3e9fa2069fe5a190dd8b428de  harbor1.yanlinux.org.crt   #在docker服务端下载证书 [root@rocky8 ~]$ mkdir /etc/docker/certs.d/harbor1.yanlinux.org/ -p [root@rocky8 ~]$ cd /etc/docker/certs.d/harbor1.yanlinux.org/ [root@rocky8 ~]$ scp 10.0.0.18:/root/certs/{harbor1.yanlinux.org.cert,harbor1.yanlinux.org.key,ca.crt} /etc/docker/certs.d/harbor1.yanlinux.org/   #在harbor服务器上拷贝证书到/etc/docker下,实现harbor服务器的上传与下载镜像 [root@rocky8 harbor1.yanlinux.org]$ scp -r /etc/docker/certs.d/ 10.0.0.18:/etc/docker/ [root@rocky8 ~]$ systemctl restart docker   #登录账户 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker login harbor1.yanlinux.org  #打标签 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker tag alpine-base:3.17.2 harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-base:3.17.2 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker tag nginx-alpine:1.22.1 harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/nginx-alpine:1.22.1 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker tag alpine-jdk:8u202 harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-jdk:8u202 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker tag tomcat-base:v8.5.85 harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/tomcat-base:v8.5.85 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker tag haproxy-alpine:2.1.2 harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/haproxy-alpine:2.1.2  #上传镜像 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker push harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-base:3.17.2 The push refers to repository [harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-base] 87c8bbf9e2e8: Pushed  0ba47f277eb9: Pushed  7cd52847ad77: Pushed  3.17.2: digest: sha256:d2aaa9d3e26da43e5b83d02b92aab403f33e9d4c9a3e9171a14ef314692e4a7a size: 947 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker push harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/nginx-alpine:1.22.1 The push refers to repository [harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/nginx-alpine] fa80f3c76ef6: Pushed  01c65a043850: Pushed  adbe8696b1b4: Pushed  1e356a844716: Pushed  ebb41e59056a: Pushed  0ba47f277eb9: Mounted from test/alpine-base  7cd52847ad77: Mounted from test/alpine-base  1.22.1: digest: sha256:104304b5133de8acd1978485c2d980748dab7314d267d29b4278f22573010058 size: 1784 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker push harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-jdk:8u202 The push refers to repository [harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-jdk] d88c104af48e: Pushed  4236564ab151: Pushed  31af46d91eef: Pushed  87c8bbf9e2e8: Mounted from test/alpine-base  0ba47f277eb9: Mounted from test/nginx-alpine  7cd52847ad77: Mounted from test/nginx-alpine  8u202: digest: sha256:6a93df44d46e757dda66a6c2f8ea28c11d3954d3c714392b608c40f45b2e2413 size: 1574 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker push harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/tomcat-base:v8.5.85 The push refers to repository [harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/tomcat-base] 6d1a20593ad3: Pushed  8d7f5b279153: Pushed  0abb32fe3733: Pushed  d88c104af48e: Mounted from test/alpine-jdk  4236564ab151: Mounted from test/alpine-jdk  31af46d91eef: Mounted from test/alpine-jdk  87c8bbf9e2e8: Mounted from test/alpine-jdk  0ba47f277eb9: Mounted from test/alpine-jdk  7cd52847ad77: Mounted from test/alpine-jdk  v8.5.85: digest: sha256:a19bb6ff4a407cbd9881a27b8ca412b6bd45d5fd0b8bff35e6a6d759813fb273 size: 2200 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker push harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/haproxy-alpine:2.1.2 The push refers to repository [harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/haproxy-alpine] 406ce5ba5219: Pushed  3ecff3848c3e: Pushed  89180f31278f: Pushed  87c8bbf9e2e8: Mounted from test/tomcat-base  0ba47f277eb9: Mounted from test/tomcat-base  7cd52847ad77: Mounted from test/tomcat-base  2.1.2: digest: sha256:bbf660062436f982e820d2daacb8fcd1d83ecc06115e178bfe094b8c4f513066 size: 1576 

查看仓库上传的镜像

搭建自己的harbor仓库并上传和下载镜像

1.4 在客户端下载镜像(10.0.0.38 安装docker)

直接登录和上传下载镜像会报错

[root@rocky8 ~]$ vi /etc/hosts 10.0.0.18 harbor1.yanlinux.org  #没有证书验证,直接登录失败 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker login harbor1.yanlinux.org Username: admin Password:  Error response from daemon: Get "https://harbor1.yanlinux.org/v2/": x509: certificate signed by unknown authority  #拉取失败 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker pull harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/nginx:1.22.1-20230222 Error response from daemon: Get "https://harbor1.yanlinux.org/v2/": x509: certificate signed by unknown authority 

配置Docker客户端使用证书文件

#在docker客户端下载证书 [root@rocky8 ~]$ mkdir /etc/docker/certs.d/harbor1.yanlinux.org/ -p [root@rocky8 ~]$ cd /etc/docker/certs.d/harbor1.yanlinux.org/ [root@rocky8 harbor1.yanlinux.org]$ scp 10.0.0.18:/root/certs/{harbor1.yanlinux.org.cert,harbor1.yanlinux.org.key,ca.crt} /etc/docker/certs.d/harbor1.yanlinux.org/ [root@rocky8 ~]$ systemctl restart docker 

拉取镜像

[root@rocky8 ~]$ docker pull harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/haproxy-alpine:2.1.2 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker pull harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/tomcat-base:v8.5.85 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker pull harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-jdk:8u202 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker pull harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/nginx-alpine:1.22.1 [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker pull harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-base:3.17.2  [root@rocky8 ~]$ docker images  REPOSITORY                                 TAG       IMAGE ID       CREATED             SIZE harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/haproxy-alpine   2.1.2     9eeb5cb28dbe   About an hour ago   226MB harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/tomcat-base      v8.5.85   f5a9ab5c83ab   2 hours ago         615MB harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-jdk       8u202     a38ecf1969fd   3 hours ago         600MB harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/alpine-base      3.17.2    b3e65dab1347   3 hours ago         197MB harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/nginx-alpine     1.22.1    7f619fd93a01   5 hours ago         213MB 

1.5 运行nginx服务

[root@rocky8 ~]$ docker run -d --name web01 -p 80:80 harbor1.yanlinux.org/test/nginx-alpine:1.22.1  122ce510bc25d74325525aae4ed9d4a10296cb525fb893aa3c6635ebda7cd936 

查看网页信息

搭建自己的harbor仓库并上传和下载镜像