Linux安装nginx 新版笔记

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摘要

官网下载地址:http://nginx.org/en/download.htmlMainline version 开发版
Stable version 稳定版
Legacy versions 历史版


下载

官网下载地址:http://nginx.org/en/download.html

Mainline version 开发版
Stable version 稳定版
Legacy versions 历史版

鼠标移动到你要选择的版本超链接上点右键 复制链接地址

下载:wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.22.1.tar.gz洗

下载之后扔到/usr/local下  

 

安装

安装:yum -y install pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel

解压:tar -zxvf nginx-1.22.1.tar.gz

进去:cd cd nginx-1.22.1/

配置:./configure --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module

安装:make && make install

 

配置

打开配置文件:vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

一个监听是一个server{....}段落,里面默认的server代码块可以删掉。

当你在你的域名控制台(阿里云或腾讯云或百度云等等)中设置域名解析成当前服务器IP时,你就可以在这里配置域名监听。

比如下面这段:

server {         listen       80;         server_name  www.abc.com abc.com;         root /www/abc;         location / {            index.html;         }      }

当浏览器访问 www.abc.com时,由于域名解析指向当前服务器,所以网络请求会发往当前服务器的80端口,nginx监听到请求后,会去找到root指定的地址 也就是/www/abc目录,将目录中的index.html返回给请求方,此时浏览器收到返回,解析标签,展示在页面上。

 

命令

编写服务脚本:vim /etc/init.d/nginx

粘贴以下代码:

#!/bin/bash # nginx Startup script for the Nginx HTTP Server # it is v.0.0.2 version. # chkconfig: - 85 15 # description: Nginx is a high-performance web and proxy server. #              It has a lot of features, but it's not for everyone. # processname: nginx # pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid # config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf nginxd=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx nginx_config=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf nginx_pid=/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid RETVAL=0 prog="nginx" # Source function library. . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions # Source networking configuration. . /etc/sysconfig/network # Check that networking is up. [ "${NETWORKING}" = "no" ] && exit 0 [ -x $nginxd ] || exit 0 # Start nginx daemons functions. start() { if [ -e $nginx_pid ];then    echo "nginx already running...."    exit 1 fi    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "    daemon $nginxd -c ${nginx_config}    RETVAL=$?    echo    [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/nginx    return $RETVAL } # Stop nginx daemons functions. stop() {         echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "         killproc $nginxd         RETVAL=$?         echo         [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/nginx /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid } # reload nginx service functions. reload() {     echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "     #kill -HUP `cat ${nginx_pid}`     killproc $nginxd -HUP     RETVAL=$?     echo } # See how we were called. case "$1" in start)         start         ;; stop)         stop         ;; reload)         reload         ;; restart)         stop         start         ;; status)         status $prog         RETVAL=$?         ;; *)         echo $"Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|reload|status|help}"         exit 1 esac exit $RETVAL

 

PS:经常粘贴前两行贴不全,小心检查。

 

设置权限:chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nginx

 

自启配置:vim /etc/rc.local

在文件末尾新增一行:/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

 

开机自启:chkconfig nginx on

 

可使用的命令:

systemctl status nginx
systemctl start nginx
systemctl stop nginx
systemctl reload nginx
systemctl restart nginx