欢迎光临
我的个人博客网站

运维管理利器系列–ipmitool

目录

介绍

IPMItool用于访问IPMI的功能-智能平台管理接口,该系统接口管理和监视带外计算机系统。它是一个命令提示符,用于控制和配置IPMI支持的设备。

在本教程中,学习如何在基于Linux的CentOS或Ubuntu系统上安装IPMItool并开始使用IPMI命令。

1:通过系统查看物理机带外管理IP

[root@localhost tmp]# ipmitool lan print 1 Set in Progress         : Set Complete Auth Type Support       : MD5 Auth Type Enable        : Callback : MD5                         : User     : MD5                         : Operator : MD5                         : Admin    : MD5                         : OEM      : MD5 IP Address Source       : Static Address IP Address              : 192.168.206.57 Subnet Mask             : 255.255.255.0 MAC Address             : 6c:92:bf:9b:4c:49 SNMP Community String   : AMI IP Header               : TTL=0x40 Flags=0x40 Precedence=0x00 TOS=0x10 BMC ARP Control         : ARP Responses Enabled, Gratuitous ARP Disabled Gratituous ARP Intrvl   : 0.0 seconds Default Gateway IP      : 192.168.206.1 Default Gateway MAC     : 58:60:5f:87:2e:c3 Backup Gateway IP       : 0.0.0.0 Backup Gateway MAC      : 00:00:00:00:00:00 802.1q VLAN ID          : Disabled 802.1q VLAN Priority    : 0 RMCP+ Cipher Suites     : 0,1,2,3,6,7,8,11,12,15,16,17 Cipher Suite Priv Max   : caaaaaaaaaaaXXX                         :     X=Cipher Suite Unused                         :     c=CALLBACK                         :     u=USER                         :     o=OPERATOR                         :     a=ADMIN                         :     O=OEM Bad Password Threshold  : 0 Invalid password disable: no Attempt Count Reset Int.: 0 User Lockout Interval   : 0  

2:查询BMC中相关的SDR(传感器数据记录)信息

[root@k8s-node-gpu-dataswitch-p-222028 yum.repos.d]#  ipmitool sdr 或者 ipmitool sdr list Inlet_Temp       | 24 degrees C      | ok Outlet_Temp      | 37 degrees C      | ok CPU0_Temp        | 63 degrees C      | ok CPU1_Temp        | 52 degrees C      | ok CPU0_DTS         | 4 degrees C       | ok CPU1_DTS         | 7 degrees C       | ok CPU0_DIMM_Temp   | 29 degrees C      | ok CPU1_DIMM_Temp   | 29 degrees C      | ok CPU0_VR_Temp     | 32 degrees C      | ok CPU1_VR_Temp     | 33 degrees C      | ok PCH_Temp         | 52 degrees C      | ok OCP_Temp         | no reading        | ns NVME_Temp        | 35 degrees C      | ok PSU0_Temp        | 32 degrees C      | ok PSU1_Temp        | 26 degrees C      | ok RAID0_Temp       | no reading        | ns RAID1_Temp       | no reading        | ns RAID2_Temp       | no reading        | ns RAID3_Temp       | no reading        | ns GPU0_Temp        | no reading        | ns GPU1_Temp        | 23 degrees C      | ok GPU2_Temp        | no reading        | ns GPU3_Temp        | no reading        | ns GPU4_Temp        | 23 degrees C      | ok GPU5_Temp        | no reading        | ns GPU6_Temp        | no reading        | ns GPU7_Temp        | no reading        | ns PCIE_SSD0_Temp   | no reading        | ns PCIE_SSD1_Temp   | no reading        | ns PCIE_SSD2_Temp   | no reading        | ns PCIE_SSD3_Temp   | no reading        | ns PCIE_SSD4_Temp   | no reading        | ns PCIE_SSD5_Temp   | no reading        | ns PCIE_SSD6_Temp   | no reading        | ns PCIE_SSD7_Temp   | no reading        | ns M.2_Inlet_Temp   | 29 degrees C      | ok Rear_HDDBP_Temp  | no reading        | ns SWITCH0_Temp     | no reading        | ns SWITCH1_Temp     | no reading        | ns P3V3             | 3.28 Volts        | ok P5V              | 5.08 Volts        | ok P12V             | 12.06 Volts       | ok CPU0_Vcore       | 1.76 Volts        | ok CPU1_Vcore       | 1.76 Volts        | ok CPU0_DDR_VDDQ1   | 1.22 Volts        | ok CPU0_DDR_VDDQ2   | 1.22 Volts        | ok CPU1_DDR_VDDQ1   | 1.22 Volts        | ok CPU1_DDR_VDDQ2   | 1.22 Volts        | ok CPU0_PVCCIO      | 1.01 Volts        | ok CPU1_PVCCIO      | 1.00 Volts        | ok PCH_P1V05        | 1.05 Volts        | ok PCH_VNN          | 1 Volts           | ok CPU0_Status      | 0x00              | ok CPU1_Status      | 0x00              | ok PSU0_Status      | 0x00              | ok PSU1_Status      | 0x00              | ok PSU_Redundant    | 0x00              | ok PSU0_Fan_Status  | 0x00              | ok PSU1_Fan_Status  | 0x00              | ok FAN0_F_Speed     | 5760 RPM          | ok FAN0_R_Speed     | 4896 RPM          | ok FAN1_F_Speed     | 5760 RPM          | ok FAN1_R_Speed     | 4896 RPM          | ok FAN2_F_Speed     | 5760 RPM          | ok FAN2_R_Speed     | 4896 RPM          | ok FAN3_F_Speed     | 5760 RPM          | ok FAN3_R_Speed     | 4896 RPM          | ok FAN_M2_Speed     | 0 RPM             | ok FAN0_Present     | 0x00              | ok FAN1_Present     | 0x00              | ok FAN2_Present     | 0x00              | ok FAN3_Present     | 0x00              | ok Total_Power      | 296 Watts         | ok CPU_Power        | 158 Watts         | ok MEM_Power        | 10 Watts          | ok FAN_Power        | 25 Watts          | ok HDD_Power        | 6 Watts           | ok PSU0_POUT        | 136 Watts         | ok PSU1_POUT        | 128 Watts         | ok CPU0_C0D0        | 0x00              | ok CPU0_C0D1        | 0x00              | ok CPU0_C1D0        | 0x00              | ok CPU0_C1D1        | 0x00              | ok CPU0_C2D0        | 0x00              | ok CPU0_C2D1        | 0x00              | ok CPU0_C3D0        | 0x00              | ok CPU0_C3D1        | 0x00              | ok CPU0_C4D0        | 0x00              | ok DISK0_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK1_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK2_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK3_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK4_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK5_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK6_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK7_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK8_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK9_Status     | 0x00              | ok DISK10_Status    | 0x00              | ok BMC_Boot_Up      | 0x00              | ok ME_FW_Status     | 0x00              | ok Event_Log        | 0x00              | ok IPMI_Watchdog    | 0x00              | ok CPU_ResourceRate | 0 unspecified     | ok MEM_ResourceRate | 0 unspecified     | ok HDD_ResourceRate | 0 unspecified     | ok HDD_Max_Temp     | 35 degrees C      | ok  

3:通过ipmitool修改带外管理IP

配置IP地址: 格式: ipmitool lan set 通道ID  ipaddr  IP地址 [root@localhost tmp]# ipmitool lan set 1 ipaddr 10.57.60.91 Setting LAN IP Address to 10.57.60.91  配置子网掩码: 格式: ipmitool lan set 通道ID  netmask  掩码地址 [root@localhost tmp]# ipmitool lan set 1 netmask 255.255.255.0 Setting LAN Subnet Mask to 255.255.255.0  配置网关地址: 格式: ipmitool  lan  set  通道ID  defgw  ipaddr  网关地址 [root@localhost tmp]# ipmitool lan set 1 defgw ipaddr 10.57.60.1 Setting LAN Default Gateway IP to 10.57.60.1  查看网络配置: 格式: ipmitool  lan  print 通道ID [root@localhost tmp]# ipmitool lan print 1 Set in Progress         : Set Complete Auth Type Support       : MD5  Auth Type Enable        : Callback : MD5                          : User     : MD5                          : Operator : MD5                          : Admin    : MD5                          : OEM      : MD5  IP Address Source       : Static Address IP Address              : 10.57.60.91 Subnet Mask             : 255.255.255.0 MAC Address             : b4:05:5d:8b:8a:bd SNMP Community String   : AMI IP Header               : TTL=0x40 Flags=0x40 Precedence=0x00 TOS=0x10 BMC ARP Control         : ARP Responses Enabled, Gratuitous ARP Disabled Gratituous ARP Intrvl   : 0.0 seconds Default Gateway IP      : 10.57.60.1 Default Gateway MAC     : 00:00:00:00:00:00 Backup Gateway IP       : 0.0.0.0 Backup Gateway MAC      : 00:00:00:00:00:00 802.1q VLAN ID          : Disabled 802.1q VLAN Priority    : 0 RMCP+ Cipher Suites     : 0,1,2,3,6,7,8,11,12,15,16,17 Cipher Suite Priv Max   : caaaaaaaaaaaXXX                         :     X=Cipher Suite Unused                         :     c=CALLBACK                         :     u=USER                         :     o=OPERATOR                         :     a=ADMIN                         :     O=OEM Bad Password Threshold  : 3 Invalid password disable: no Attempt Count Reset Int.: 200 User Lockout Interval   : 300 [root@localhost tmp]#  

4:启动相应驱动模块

[root@localhost tmp]# modprobe ipmi_msghandler [root@localhost tmp]# modprobe ipmi_devintf [root@localhost tmp]# modprobe ipmi_si [root@localhost tmp]# modprobe ipmi_poweroff [root@localhost tmp]# modprobe ipmi_watchdog [root@localhost tmp]#  [root@localhost tmp]#  [root@localhost tmp]# lsmod |grep ^ipmi ipmi_watchdog          32768  0 ipmi_poweroff          16384  0 ipmi_ssif              32768  0 ipmi_si                65536  2 ipmi_devintf           20480  0 ipmi_msghandler       110592  5 ipmi_devintf,ipmi_si,ipmi_watchdog,ipmi_ssif,ipmi_poweroff   

运维管理利器系列--ipmitool

5:ipmitool 电源管理

ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.205.143 -U admin -P 密码 power off (硬关机,直接切断电源) 										   ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.205.143 -U admin -P 密码 power soft (软关机,即如同轻按一下开机按钮) 										   ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.205.143 -U admin -P 密码 power on (硬开机) 										   ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.205.143 -U admin -P 密码 power reset (硬重启) 										   ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.205.143 -U admin -P 密码 power status (获取当前电源状态) 										   ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.205.143 -U admin -P 密码 chassis power cycle  (注意power cycle 和power reset的区别在于前者从掉电到上电有1秒钟的间隔,而后者是很快上电) 

6:重置服务器BMC IP地址

问题描述:我们在日常运维管理中,浪潮服务器经常出现带外管理无法登录,需要重置BMC   ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.205.143 -U admin -P admin mc reset cold 

7:IPMItool命令备忘单

IPMItool命令 描述
ipmitool help 显示IPMItool的帮助信息
ipmitool mc info 检查固件版本
ipmitool mc reset [warm/cold] 重置管理控制器
ipmitool fru print 显示字段可替换单元的详细信息

传感器输出命令 描述
ipmitool sdr list 列出系统上的所有传感器名称。每个传感器将映射到其相应的传感器编号
ipmitool sdr type list 列出系统上的所有传感器类型。
ipmitool sdr type Fan 列出系统上的所有风扇类型传感器。
ipmitool sdr type “Power Supply” 列出系统上的所有电源类型传感器。
ipmitool sdr type Temperature 列出系统上的所有温度类型传感器。

机箱IPMItoll命令 描述
ipmitool chassis status ipmitool chassis identify [] 打开前面板识别灯
ipmitool [chassis] power soft 通过acpi进行软关机
ipmitool [chassis] power cycle 强制关闭电源,等待1秒然后再打开电源的组合
ipmitool [chassis] power off 硬断电
ipmitool [chassis] power on 硬启动
ipmitool [chassis] power reset 硬重置

修改启动设备 描述
ipmitool chassis bootdev pxe 修改启动顺序以首先启动pxe
ipmitool chassis bootdev cdrom 修改启动顺序以首先启动cdrom
ipmitool chassis bootdev bios 修改引导顺序以首先引导BIOS

记录IPMItools命令 描述
ipmitool sel info 返回有关系统事件日志的常规信息
ipmitool sel list 返回系统事件日志列表
ipmitool sel elist 返回与传感器数据日志交叉引用的系统事件日志的列表
ipmitool sel get *ID* 返回有关特定事件日志的详细信息(使用事件ID指定哪个日志)
ipmitool sel clear 清除事件日志
赞(0) 打赏
未经允许不得转载:张拓的天空 » 运维管理利器系列–ipmitool
分享到: 更多 (0)

评论 抢沙发

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址

专业的IT技术经验分享 更专业 更方便

联系我们本站主机

觉得文章有用就打赏一下文章作者

支付宝扫一扫打赏

微信扫一扫打赏