CentOS 8.2 对k8s基础环境配置

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摘要

机器克隆后 IP 修改,使Xshell连接上    重启网卡,并测试好不好使  


一、基础环境配置

1 IP 修改

机器克隆后 IP 修改,使Xshell连接上

 CentOS 8.2 对k8s基础环境配置

[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens160 TYPE="Ethernet" PROXY_METHOD="none" BROWSER_ONLY="no" BOOTPROTO="static" # 配置静态IP,防止修改 DEFROUTE="yes" IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL="no" IPV6INIT="yes" IPV6_AUTOCONF="yes" IPV6_DEFROUTE="yes" IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL="no" IPV6_ADDR_GEN_MODE="stable-privacy" NAME="ens160" UUID="d20c4f2e-c799-46e6-9a7a-0579c1791c27" DEVICE="ens160" ONBOOT="yes" IPADDR="192.168.192.10" # 修改ip地址 PREFIX="24" GATEWAY="192.168.192.2" # 修改网关地址 IPV6_PRIVACY="no" DNS1=114.114.114.114 # DSN配置上,不然使用域名会找不到的 DNS2=8.8.8.8

 重启网卡,并测试好不好使

[root@localhost software]# nmcli c reload ens160 [root@localhost software]# nmcli c up ens160 Connection successfully activated (D-Bus active path: /org/freedesktop/NetworkManager/ActiveConnection/5) [root@localhost software]# 重启完后测试 [root@localhost software]# ping 114.114.114.114  PING 114.114.114.114 (114.114.114.114) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 114.114.114.114: icmp_seq=1 ttl=128 time=30.8 ms 64 bytes from 114.114.114.114: icmp_seq=2 ttl=128 time=30.6 ms 64 bytes from 114.114.114.114: icmp_seq=3 ttl=128 time=28.10 ms 64 bytes from 114.114.114.114: icmp_seq=4 ttl=128 time=30.1 ms 64 bytes from 114.114.114.114: icmp_seq=5 ttl=128 time=34.4 ms ^C --- 114.114.114.114 ping statistics --- 5 packets transmitted, 5 received, 0% packet loss, time 14ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 28.999/30.978/34.430/1.841 ms

 

2 设置主机名

hostnamectl set-hostname kube-master01 hostnamectl set-hostname kube-node01 hostnamectl set-hostname kube-node02 hostnamectl set-hostname kube-vip

 

3 配置hosts本地解析

cat > /etc/hosts <<EOF 127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 ::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6  192.168.192.10 kube-master01 192.168.192.20 kube-node01 192.168.192.30 kube-node02 192.168.192.40 kube-vip EOF

 

4 关闭防火墙 / Selinux / Swap

为了避免额外的干扰,需要关闭防火墙,对于公有云,内网端口一般全开放,外网端口通过安全组控制

# 关闭防火墙 [root@localhost ~]# systemctl stop firewalld [root@localhost ~]# systemctl disable firewalld Removed /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service. Removed /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.  # 关闭Selinux # 永久关闭 [root@localhost ~]# sed -i "s#^SELINUX=.*#SELINUX=disabled#g" /etc/selinux/config # 临时关闭 [root@localhost ~]# setenforce 0 # 检查 [root@localhost ~]# /usr/sbin/sestatus -v SELinux status:                 enabled  # 先查看 Swap有没有 [root@localhost ~]# free -m               total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available Mem:           1800        1208         122          15         469         417 Swap:          2047          15        2032 # 关闭 Swap 分区,Swap 会影响性能 [root@localhost ~]# swapoff -a && sysctl -w vm.swappiness=0 vm.swappiness = 0 [root@localhost ~]# sed -ri '/^[^#]*swap/s@^@#@' /etc/fstab # 在确认下 [查看swap一行全是0就正确] [root@localhost ~]# free -m               total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available Mem:           1800        1210         110          25         479         406 Swap:             0           0           0 [root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/hosts 127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 ::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6 # 主机名解析 [root@localhost ~]# echo "127.0.0.1 $(hostname)" >> /etc/hosts [root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/hosts 127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 ::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6 127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain

 

5 YUM 源配置

本地或者自建服务器都需要配置 YUM 源,如果是云服务器由于本身就有对应云的 YUM 源,不需要配置

# 备份旧的 yum 源 cd /etc/yum.repos.d/ mkdir backup-$(date +%F) mv *repo backup-$(date +%F)  # 上面看不懂,这有简单的 [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# mkdir /etc/yum.repos.d.bak [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# cp /etc/yum.repos.d/* /etc/yum.repos.d.bak/ [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# ls /etc/yum.repos.d.bak/  # 添加阿里云 yum 源 [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# curl http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo -o ali.repo   % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current                                  Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed 100  2523  100  2523    0     0  13637      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 13637

 

6 基础依赖安装

由于服务器最小化安装,需要安装一些常用的依赖和工具,否则后面安装可能会报错

# 安装 epel 源 [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum -y install epel-release [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum clean all 33 files removed [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum makecache  # 安装常用依赖 yum -y install gcc glibc gcc-c++ make cmake net-tools screen vim lrzsz tree dos2unix lsof      tcpdump bash-completion wget openssl openssl-devel bind-utils traceroute      bash-completion glib2 glib2-devel unzip bzip2 bzip2-devel libevent libevent-devel      expect pcre pcre-devel zlib zlib-devel jq psmisc tcping yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data      lvm2 git device-mapper-persistent-data bridge-utils container-selinux binutils-devel      ncurses ncurses-devel elfutils-libelf-devel ack  # 升级服务器 yum -y update

注意:yum 安装出错,看最后一个报错标题里面找。

 

7 配置时间同步

本地或者自建服务器都需要配置时间同步,如果是云服务器由于本身就有对应云的时间同步机制,不需要配置

echo "# 互联网时间同步" >> /var/spool/cron/root echo "*/5 * * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate time2.aliyun.com >/dev/null 2>&1" >> /var/spool/cron/root

 

9 互相免密

Master 节点执行以下操作

ssh-keygen -t rsa  # 定义 master 列表 MASTER_LIST=( 192.168.192.10 192.168.192.30 )  # 配置免密登录 for i in ${MASTER_LIST[@]};do     ssh-copy-id -i /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub root@$i done  # yes # 输入密码

 

10 内核升级

在 Kubernetes 的 Github 仓库中:

有提到关于内核版本的问题:

  • Faster mount detection for linux kernel 5.10+ using openat2 speeding up pod churn rates. On Kernel versions less 5.10, it will fallback to using the original way of detecting mount points i.e by parsing /proc/mounts.
  • 这意味着内核 5.10 版本以后会使用 openat2 进行更快的挂载检测,所有可以将内核升级到 5.10 以后,但没必要最新。
  • 这里使用的是 5.11.16 版本,更新于 2021 年 4 月。如果想安装其它版本可以去下面网站下载:http://193.49.22.109/elrepo/kernel/el7/x86_64/RPMS/

创建用于存放安装包并下载

mkdir -p /opt/software/kernel cd /opt/software/kernel wget http://193.49.22.109/elrepo/kernel/el7/x86_64/RPMS/kernel-ml-5.11.14-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm wget http://193.49.22.109/elrepo/kernel/el7/x86_64/RPMS/kernel-ml-devel-5.11.14-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm

执行安装

yum localinstall -y kernel-ml*  # 设置内核启动顺序 grub2-set-default  0 && grub2-mkconfig -o /etc/grub2.cfg  # 查看默认内核 grubby --default-kernel

注意:CentOS 8.2 对以上内核升级需要安装各种依赖。

CentOS 7.9 升级内核 kernel-ml-5.6.14版本:https://www.cnblogs.com/huaxiayuyi/p/16788084.html

Centos 8.2 升级内核通过elrepo源:https://www.cnblogs.com/huaxiayuyi/p/16794239.html

 

8 系统优化

对系统打开文件数进行修改,提升性能

cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf << EOF # 打开文件优化配置 * soft nofile 655360 * hard nofile 655350 * soft nproc 655350 * hard nproc 655350 * soft memlock unlimited * hard memlock unlimited EOF  cat /etc/security/limits.conf

 

11 加载模块

ipvs模块配置

kube-proxy开启ipvs的前置条件

创建配置文件

内核 4.19+版本 nf_conntrack_ipv4 已改为 nf_conntrack ,4.18以下使用 nf_conntrack_ipv4即可。

安装 ipvsadm,节点通信需要用到 LVS,所有需要安装 ipvsadm。ipset 和 ipvsadm (便于查看 ipvs 的代理规则)

yum -y install ipvsadm ipset sysstat conntrack libseccomp

配置 ipvs 模块(内核 4.19 版本以前使用 nf_conntrack_ipv4,以后使用 nf_conntrack)

modprobe -- ip_vs modprobe -- ip_vs_rr modprobe -- ip_vs_wrr modprobe -- ip_vs_sh modprobe -- nf_conntrack  cat > /etc/modules-load.d/ipvs.conf << EOF ip_vs ip_vs_lc ip_vs_wlc ip_vs_rr ip_vs_wrr ip_vs_lblc ip_vs_lblcr ip_vs_dh ip_vs_sh ip_vs_fo ip_vs_nq ip_vs_sed ip_vs_ftp ip_vs_sh nf_conntrack ip_tables ip_set xt_set ipt_set ipt_rpfilter ipt_REJECT ipip EOF

重新加载配置

# 加载内核配置 警告忽略 systemctl enable --now systemd-modules-load.service

检查确认

[root@localhost etc]# lsmod | grep --color=auto -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack ip_vs_ftp              16384  0 ip_vs_sed              16384  0 ip_vs_nq               16384  0 ip_vs_fo               16384  0 ip_vs_dh               16384  0 ip_vs_lblcr            16384  0 ip_vs_lblc             16384  0 ip_vs_wlc              16384  0 ip_vs_lc               16384  0 ip_vs_sh               16384  0 ip_vs_wrr              16384  0 ip_vs_rr               16384  0 ip_vs                 176128  24 ip_vs_wlc,ip_vs_rr,ip_vs_dh,ip_vs_lblcr,ip_vs_sh,ip_vs_fo,ip_vs_nq,ip_vs_lblc,ip_vs_wrr,ip_vs_lc,ip_vs_sed,ip_vs_ftp nf_conntrack_tftp      20480  3 nf_nat_tftp nf_nat                 49152  4 nf_nat_tftp,nft_chain_nat,xt_MASQUERADE,ip_vs_ftp nf_conntrack          159744  7 xt_conntrack,nf_nat,nf_conntrack_tftp,nft_ct,nf_nat_tftp,xt_MASQUERADE,ip_vs nf_defrag_ipv6         24576  2 nf_conntrack,ip_vs nf_defrag_ipv4         16384  1 nf_conntrack libcrc32c              16384  4 nf_conntrack,nf_nat,xfs,ip_vs  # 或者  [root@localhost etc]# cut -f1 -d " "  /proc/modules | grep -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack ip_vs_ftp ip_vs_sed ip_vs_nq ip_vs_fo ip_vs_dh ip_vs_lblcr ip_vs_lblc ip_vs_wlc ip_vs_lc ip_vs_sh ip_vs_wrr ip_vs_rr ip_vs nf_conntrack_tftp nf_conntrack

 

12 优化系统参数

添加内核调优参数,某些参数对 Kubernetes 集群很重要(不一定是最优,各取所有)

cat >> /etc/sysctl.d/user.conf << EOF # 内核调优 net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1 net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1 net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1 fs.may_detach_mounts = 1 vm.overcommit_memory=1 vm.panic_on_oom=0 fs.inotify.max_user_watches=89100 fs.file-max=52706963 fs.nr_open=52706963 net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max=2310720 net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 600 net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 3 net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl =15 net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 36000 net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1 net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 327680 net.ipv4.tcp_orphan_retries = 3 net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1 net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 16384 net.ipv4.ip_conntrack_max = 65536 net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0 net.core.somaxconn = 16384 EOF

两种方式

1 单独指定配置文件加载

sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/user.conf

2 手动加载所有的配置文件

[root@localhost etc]# sysctl --system * Applying /usr/lib/sysctl.d/10-default-yama-scope.conf ... kernel.yama.ptrace_scope = 0 * Applying /usr/lib/sysctl.d/50-coredump.conf ... kernel.core_pattern = |/usr/lib/systemd/systemd-coredump %P %u %g %s %t %c %h %e * Applying /usr/lib/sysctl.d/50-default.conf ... kernel.sysrq = 16 kernel.core_uses_pid = 1 kernel.kptr_restrict = 1 net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1 net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0 net.ipv4.conf.all.promote_secondaries = 1 net.core.default_qdisc = fq_codel fs.protected_hardlinks = 1 fs.protected_symlinks = 1 * Applying /usr/lib/sysctl.d/50-libkcapi-optmem_max.conf ... net.core.optmem_max = 81920 * Applying /usr/lib/sysctl.d/50-pid-max.conf ... kernel.pid_max = 4194304 * Applying /usr/lib/sysctl.d/60-libvirtd.conf ... fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576 * Applying /etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf ... * Applying /etc/sysctl.d/user.conf ... net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1 vm.overcommit_memory = 1 vm.panic_on_oom = 0 fs.inotify.max_user_watches = 89100 fs.file-max = 52706963 fs.nr_open = 52706963 net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max = 2310720 net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 600 net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 3 net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl = 15 net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 36000 net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1 net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 327680 net.ipv4.tcp_orphan_retries = 3 net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1 net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 16384 net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0 net.core.somaxconn = 16384 * Applying /etc/sysctl.conf ...

完成后就可以重启服务器

reboot

重启完成,在查看 ipvs 的配置效果

lsmod | grep --color=auto -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack

 

二、安装 k8s

CentOS 8.2 安装 kubernetes-1.25.1:https://www.cnblogs.com/huaxiayuyi/p/16794583.html