三台虚拟主机搭建lnmp

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所属分类:linux技术
摘要

环境说明:阿里云官网
nginx官网
此处我使用的是nginx-1.22.0
mysql官网
此处我使用的是mysql-5.7.38
php官网
此处我使用的是php-8.1.11


三台虚拟主机搭建lnmp


环境说明:

主机说明 ip 安装服务
nginx 192.168.222.137 nginx
mysql 192.168.222.138 mysql
php 192.168.222.139 php

阿里云官网
nginx官网
此处我使用的是nginx-1.22.0
mysql官网
此处我使用的是mysql-5.7.38
php官网
此处我使用的是php-8.1.11

部署nginx

[root@localhost ~]# hostnamectl set-hostname nginx [root@localhost ~]# bash [root@nginx ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service  //关闭防火墙 [root@nginx ~]# sed -ri 's/^(SELINUX=).*/1disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config [root@nginx ~]# setenforce 0 [root@nginx ~]# systemctl disable --now firewalld.service  Removed /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service. Removed /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service. [root@nginx ~]# dnf -y install wget [root@nginx ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/        //配置阿里源 [root@nginx yum.repos.d]#wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-vault-8.5.2111.repo [root@nginx yum.repos.d]#sed -i -e '/mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/d' -e '/mirrors.aliyuncs.com/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo [root@nginx yum.repos.d]# ls CentOS-Base.repo [root@nginx yum.repos.d]# cd [root@nginx ~]# useradd -rMs /sbin/nologin nginx   //创建用户 [root@nginx ~]# dnf -y install pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel gd-devel gcc gcc-c++ make vim    //安装依赖包 [root@nginx ~]# mkdir -p /var/log/nginx  //创建日志存放目录 [root@nginx ~]# chown -R nginx.nginx /var/log/nginx [root@nginx ~]# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.22.0.tar.gz   //下载nginx包 [root@nginx ~]# tar xf nginx-1.22.0.tar.gz   //解压 [root@nginx ~]# ls anaconda-ks.cfg  nginx-1.22.0  nginx-1.22.0.tar.gz [root@nginx ~]# cd nginx-1.22.0/ [root@nginx nginx-1.22.0]# ls CHANGES  CHANGES.ru  LICENSE  README  auto  conf  configure  contrib  html  man  src [root@nginx nginx-1.22.0]# ./configure    //进行编译  --prefix=/usr/local/nginx   --user=nginx   --group=nginx   --with-debug   --with-http_ssl_module   --with-http_realip_module   --with-http_gunzip_module   --with-http_gzip_static_module   --with-http_stub_status_module [root@nginx nginx-1.22.0]# make -j $(grep 'processor' /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l) && make install   //安装 [root@nginx nginx-1.22.0]# cd [root@nginx ~]# echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/nginx/sbin" > /etc/profile.d/nginx.sh    //配置环境变量 [root@nginx ~]# source /etc/profile.d/nginx.sh  //使其生效 [root@nginx ~]# cp /usr/lib/systemd/system/sshd.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service    [root@nginx ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service  //将其加入systemd服务中 [root@nginx ~]# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service  [Unit] Description=nginx server daemon After=network.target    [Service] Type=forking ExecStart=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx ExecStop=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop ExecReload=/bin/kill -HUP $MAINPID   [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target [root@nginx ~]# systemctl daemon-reload  //加载一下配置 [root@nginx ~]# systemctl enable --now nginx.service  Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.service → /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service.   //设置开机自启 [root@nginx ~]# ss -antl   //查看端口 State      Recv-Q     Send-Q          Local Address:Port           Peer Address:Port     Process      LISTEN     0          128                   0.0.0.0:22                  0.0.0.0:*                     LISTEN     0          128                   0.0.0.0:80                  0.0.0.0:*                     LISTEN     0          128                      [::]:22                     [::]:*                     

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三台虚拟主机搭建lnmp

部署mysql

[root@localhost ~]# hostnamectl set-hostname mysql [root@localhost ~]# bash [root@mysql ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service  //关闭防火墙 [root@mysql ~]# sed -ri 's/^(SELINUX=).*/1disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config [root@mysql ~]# setenforce 0 [root@mysql ~]# systemctl disable --now firewalld.service  Removed /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service. Removed /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service. [root@mysql ~]# dnf -y install wget [root@mysql ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/        //配置阿里源 [root@mysql yum.repos.d]#wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-vault-8.5.2111.repo [root@mysql yum.repos.d]#sed -i -e '/mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/d' -e '/mirrors.aliyuncs.com/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo [root@mysql yum.repos.d]# ls CentOS-Base.repo [root@mysql yum.repos.d]# cd [root@mysql ~]# useradd -rMs /sbin/nologin mysql  //创建用户 [root@mysql ~]# dnf -y install ncurses-devel openssl-devel openssl cmake mariadb-devel ncurses-compat-libs //安装依赖包 [root@mysql ~]# wget https://downloads.mysql.com/archives/get/p/23/file/mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz  //下载二进制格式的mysql软件包 root@mysql ~]# ls anaconda-ks.cfg  mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz [root@mysql ~]# tar -xf mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local/   //解压 [root@mysql ~]# cd /usr/local/ [root@mysql local]# ls bin  etc  games  include  lib  lib64  libexec  mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64  sbin  share  src [root@mysql local]# mv mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 mysql //也可以做软链接ln -sv mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64/ mysql [root@mysql local]# ls bin  etc  games  include  lib  lib64  libexec  mysql  sbin  share  src [root@mysql local]# chown -R mysql.mysql mysql //修改目录/usr/local/mysql的属主属组 [root@mysql local]# ll total 0 drwxr-xr-x. 2 root  root    6 May 19  2020 bin drwxr-xr-x. 2 root  root    6 May 19  2020 etc drwxr-xr-x. 2 root  root    6 May 19  2020 games drwxr-xr-x. 2 root  root    6 May 19  2020 include drwxr-xr-x. 2 root  root    6 May 19  2020 lib drwxr-xr-x. 3 root  root   17 Sep 26 23:28 lib64 drwxr-xr-x. 2 root  root    6 May 19  2020 libexec drwxr-xr-x. 9 mysql mysql 129 Oct 11 20:20 mysql drwxr-xr-x. 2 root  root    6 May 19  2020 sbin drwxr-xr-x. 5 root  root   49 Sep 26 23:28 share drwxr-xr-x. 2 root  root    6 May 19  2020 src [root@mysql local]# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include  /usr/include/mysql   //做头文件 [root@mysql local]# echo '/usr/local/mysql/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf   //配置库文件 [root@mysql local]# vim /etc/man_db.conf    //配置man文档 MANDATORY_MANPATH                       /usr/man MANDATORY_MANPATH                       /usr/share/man MANDATORY_MANPATH                       /usr/local/share/man MANDATORY_MANPATH                       /usr/local/mysql/man //添加这一行 [root@mysql local]# cd [root@mysql ~]# echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH' > /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh    //配置环境变量 [root@mysql ~]# source /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh  //使其生效 [root@mysql ~]# which mysql  //查找mysql /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql [root@mysql ~]# mkdir -p /opt/data   //建立数据存放目录 [root@mysql ~]# chown -R mysql.mysql /opt/data/ [root@mysql ~]# mysqld --initialize --user mysql --datadir /opt/data 2022-10-11T13:11:47.502588Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details). 2022-10-11T13:11:47.668270Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45790 2022-10-11T13:11:47.697202Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables. 2022-10-11T13:11:47.752786Z 0 [Warning] No existing UUID has been found, so we assume that this is the first time that this server has been started. Generating a new UUID: 42fa08f1-4966-11ed-ae8c-000c29f68357. 2022-10-11T13:11:47.753548Z 0 [Warning] Gtid table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' cannot be opened. 2022-10-11T13:11:47.891548Z 0 [Warning] A deprecated TLS version TLSv1 is enabled. Please use TLSv1.2 or higher. 2022-10-11T13:11:47.891580Z 0 [Warning] A deprecated TLS version TLSv1.1 is enabled. Please use TLSv1.2 or higher. 2022-10-11T13:11:47.892159Z 0 [Warning] CA certificate ca.pem is self signed. 2022-10-11T13:11:47.928429Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: yfHMXUl8go*T  //临时密码 [root@mysql ~]# echo 'yfHMXUl8go*T' > password  //将临时密码保存到这个文件里面 [root@mysql ~]# cat password  yfHMXUl8go*T [root@mysql ~]# rpm -qa |grep mariadb  //查找mariadb的数据库 mariadb-connector-c-config-3.1.11-2.el8_3.noarch mariadb-devel-10.3.28-1.module_el8.3.0+757+d382997d.x86_64 mariadb-connector-c-3.1.11-2.el8_3.x86_64 mariadb-connector-c-devel-3.1.11-2.el8_3.x86_64 [root@mysql ~]# dnf -y remove mariadb*   //要卸载掉mariadb数据库不然到时候和mysql数据库发生冲突 [root@mysql ~]# rpm -qa |grep mariadb  //再次查看是否还有 [root@mysql ~]# vim /etc/my.cnf   //编写配置文件 [root@mysql ~]# cat /etc/my.cnf [mysqld] basedir = /usr/local/mysql datadir = /opt/data socket = /tmp/mysql.sock port = 3306 pid-file = /opt/data/mysql.pid user = mysql skip-name-resolve  [root@mysql ~]# cd /usr/local/mysql/ [root@mysql mysql]# ls LICENSE  README  bin  docs  include  lib  man  share  support-files [root@mysql mysql]# cd support-files/ [root@mysql support-files]# ls magic  mysql-log-rotate  mysql.server  mysqld_multi.server [root@mysql support-files]# file mysql.server mysql.server: POSIX shell script, ASCII text executable //是一个脚本文件 [root@mysql support-files]# cp mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld [root@mysql support-files]# vim /etc/init.d/mysqld basedir=/usr/local/mysql    //数据库存放位置 datadir=/opt/data    //数据存放位置 [root@mysql support-files]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld //赋予执行权限 [root@mysql ~]# cp /usr/lib/systemd/system/sshd.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service  //将其添加到systemd服务中 [root@mysql ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service [root@mysql ~]# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service [Unit] Description=mysqld server daemon After=network.target   [Service] Type=forking ExecStart=/usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server start ExecStop=/usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server stop ExecReload=/bin/kill -HUP $MAINPID  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target [root@mysql ~]# systemctl daemon-reload  //加载一下配置 [root@mysql ~]# systemctl enable --now mysqld //设置开机自启 [root@mysql ~]# ss -antl   //查看3306端口 State      Recv-Q     Send-Q          Local Address:Port           Peer Address:Port     Process      LISTEN     0          128                   0.0.0.0:111                 0.0.0.0:*                     LISTEN     0          32              192.168.122.1:53                  0.0.0.0:*                     LISTEN     0          128                   0.0.0.0:22                  0.0.0.0:*                     LISTEN     0          80                          *:3306                      *:*                     LISTEN     0          128                      [::]:111                    [::]:*                     LISTEN     0          128                      [::]:22                     [::]:*                     [root@mysql ~]# cat passwd   //查看密码 yfHMXUl8go*T [root@mysql ~]# mysql -uroot -p'yfHMXUl8go*T'  //使用临时密码登录 mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure. Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or g. Your MySQL connection id is 3 Server version: 5.7.38  Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.  Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement.  mysql> set password = password('123456');  //修改密码 Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)  mysql> exit Bye [root@mysql ~]# mysql -uroot -p'123456'  //重新登录 mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure. Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or g. Your MySQL connection id is 4 Server version: 5.7.38 MySQL Community Server (GPL)  Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.  Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement.  mysql> exit Bye 

部署php

[root@localhost ~]# hostnamectl set-hostname php [root@localhost ~]# bash [root@php ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service //关闭防火墙 [root@php ~]# sed -ri 's/^(SELINUX=).*/1disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config [root@php ~]# setenforce 0 [root@php ~]# systemctl disable --now firewalld.service  Removed /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service. Removed /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service. [root@php ~]# dnf -y install wget [root@php ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/        //配置阿里源 [root@php yum.repos.d]#wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-vault-8.5.2111.repo [root@php yum.repos.d]#sed -i -e '/mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/d' -e '/mirrors.aliyuncs.com/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo [root@php yum.repos.d]# ls CentOS-Base.repo [root@php yum.repos.d]# cd [root@php ~]# dnf -y install epel-release  //安装epel源 [root@php ~]# dnf -y install gcc gcc-c++ make libxml2 libxml2-devel openssl openssl-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel libcurl libcurl-devel libicu-devel libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel openldap-devel  pcre-devel freetype freetype-devel gmp gmp-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel readline readline-devel libxslt libxslt-devel mhash mhash-devel php-mysqlnd libsqlite3x-devel http://mirror.centos.org/centos/8-stream/PowerTools/x86_64/os/Packages/oniguruma-devel-6.8.2-2.el8.x86_64.rpm libzip-devel   //安装依赖包 [root@php ~]# wget https://www.php.net/distributions/php-8.1.11.tar.gz   //下载php的包 [root@php ~]# ls anaconda-ks.cfg  php-8.1.11.tar.gz root@php ~]# tar xf php-8.1.11.tar.gz  //解压 [root@php ~]# ls anaconda-ks.cfg  php-8.1.11  php-8.1.11.tar.gz [root@php ~]# cd php-8.1.11/                //进行编译  [root@php php-8.1.11]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php8  --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php8/etc  --enable-fpm  --enable-mysqlnd  --with-mysqli  --with-pdo-mysql  --enable-opcache  --with-pcre-jit  --enable-gd  --with-jpeg  --with-freetype  --with-gettext  --with-curl  --with-openssl  --enable-sockets  --enable-mbstring  --enable-xml  --with-zip  --with-zlib  --with-snmp  --with-mhash  --enable-ftp  --enable-bcmath  --enable-soap  --enable-shmop  --enable-sysvsem  --enable-pcntl  --with-gmp ... +--------------------------------------------------------------------+ | License:                                                           | | This software is subject to the PHP License, available in this     | | distribution in the file LICENSE. By continuing this installation  | | process, you are bound by the terms of this license agreement.     | | If you do not agree with the terms of this license, you must abort | | the installation process at this point.                            | +--------------------------------------------------------------------+  Thank you for using PHP. [root@php php-8.1.11]# make && make install   //安装 [root@php php-8.1.11]# cd /usr/local/php8/ [root@php php8]# ls bin  etc  include  lib  php  sbin  var [root@php php8]# echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/php8/bin:$PATH' > /etc/profile.d/php8.sh   //配置环境变量 [root@php php8]# source /etc/profile.d/php8.sh  //使其生效 [root@php php8]# ln -s /usr/local/php8/include /usr/include/php8 //配置头文件 [root@php php8]# ll -d /usr/include/php8 lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 23 Oct 11 23:07 /usr/include/php8 -> /usr/local/php8/include root@php php8]# cd [root@php ~]# cd php-8.1.11/ [root@php php-8.1.11]# ls CODING_STANDARDS.md  README.md            buildconf      include              sapi CONTRIBUTING.md      TSRM                 buildconf.bat  libs                 scripts EXTENSIONS           UPGRADING            config.log     libtool              tests LICENSE              UPGRADING.INTERNALS  config.nice    main                 travis Makefile             Zend                 config.status  modules              win32 Makefile.fragments   appveyor             configure      pear Makefile.objects     azure                configure.ac   php.ini-development NEWS                 azure-pipelines.yml  docs           php.ini-production README.REDIST.BINS   build                ext            run-tests.php [root@php php-8.1.11]# cp php.ini-production /etc/php.ini  cp: overwrite '/etc/php.ini'? y [root@php php-8.1.11]# cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm [root@php php-8.1.11]# chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm [root@php php-8.1.11]# cp /usr/local/php8/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php8/etc/php-fpm.conf [root@php php-8.1.11]# cp /usr/local/php8/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php8/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf [root@php php-8.1.11]# cd [root@php ~]# cp /usr/lib/systemd/system/sshd.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/php-fpm.service  //将其加入systemd服务中 [root@php ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/php-fpm.service [root@php ~]# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/php-fpm.service [Unit] Description=php-fpm server daemon After=network.target    [Service] Type=forking ExecStart=/usr/local/php8/bin/php-fpm start ExecStop=/usr/local/php8/bin/php-fpm stop ExecReload=/bin/kill -HUP $MAINPID   [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target [root@php ~]# systemctl daemon-reload   //加载配置文件 [root@php ~]# systemctl enable --now php-fpm.service //设置开机自启 Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/php-fpm.service → /usr/lib/systemd/system/php-fpm.service. [root@php ~]# ss -antl   //查看端口 State      Recv-Q     Send-Q          Local Address:Port           Peer Address:Port     Process      LISTEN     0          128                   0.0.0.0:22                  0.0.0.0:*                     LISTEN     0          128                 127.0.0.1:9000                0.0.0.0:*                     LISTEN     0          128                      [::]:22                     [::]:*                     

配置nginx

[root@nginx ~]# cd /usr/local/nginx/ [root@nginx nginx]# ls client_body_temp  conf  fastcgi_temp  html  logs  proxy_temp  sbin  scgi_temp  uwsgi_temp [root@nginx nginx]# cd conf/ [root@nginx conf]# ls fastcgi.conf          fastcgi_params          koi-utf  mime.types          nginx.conf          scgi_params          uwsgi_params          win-utf fastcgi.conf.default  fastcgi_params.default  koi-win  mime.types.default  nginx.conf.default  scgi_params.default  uwsgi_params.default [root@nginx conf]# vim nginx.conf location / {             root   html;             index  index.html index.htm index.php;   //添加index.php         } 取消下面的注释并进行修改: #location ~ .php$ {         #    root           html;         #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;         #    fastcgi_index  index.php;         #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;         #    include        fastcgi_params;         #} 修改: location ~ .php$ {             root           html;     //指向php端index.php文件位置             fastcgi_pass   192.168.222.139:9000;      //监听php端的9000端口             fastcgi_index  index.php;             fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/local/nginx/html/$fastcgi_script_name;  // 将/scripts更改为/usr/local/nginx/html             include        fastcgi_params; [root@nginx conf]# cd [root@nginx ~]# vim /usr/local/nginx/html/index.php  //编写php测试页面 [root@nginx ~]# cat /usr/local/nginx/html/index.php <?php     phpinfo(); ?> [root@nginx nginx]# systemctl restart nginx.service //重启服务 

配置php

[root@php ~]# cd /usr/local/php8/etc/php-fpm.d/ [root@php php-fpm.d]# ls www.conf  www.conf.default [root@php php-fpm.d]# vim www.conf listen = 192.168.222.139:9000    //php主机ip listen.allowed_clients = 192.168.222.137   //允许ip访问  [root@php php-fpm.d]# cd [root@php ~]# cat > /usr/local/nginx/html/index.php << EOF  //编写php端网站 > <?php >     phpinfo(); > ?> > EOF [root@php ~]# systemctl restart php-fpm.service  //重启服务 [root@php ~]# ss -antl   //查看端口 State      Recv-Q     Send-Q           Local Address:Port          Peer Address:Port     Process      LISTEN     0          128                    0.0.0.0:22                 0.0.0.0:*                     LISTEN     0          128            192.168.222.139:9000               0.0.0.0:*                     LISTEN     0          128                       [::]:22                    [::]:*                     

访问:
三台虚拟主机搭建lnmp