版本控制gitlab

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摘要

GitLab 是一个用于仓库管理系统的开源项目,使用Git作为代码管理工具,并在此基础上搭建起来的Web服务。安装方法是参考GitLab在GitHub上的Wiki页面。Gitlab是目前被广泛使用的基于git的开源代码管理平台, 基于Ruby on Rails构建, 主要针对软件开发过程中产生的代码和文档进行管理, Gitlab主要针对group和project两个维度进行代码和文档管理, 其中group是群组, project是工程项目, 一个group可以管理多个project, 可以理解为一个群组中有多项软件开发任务, 而一个project中可能包含多个branch, 意为每个项目中有多个分支, 分支间相互独立, 不同分支可以进行归并。


版本控制gitlab

什么是版本控制gitlab

GitLab 是一个用于仓库管理系统的开源项目,使用Git作为代码管理工具,并在此基础上搭建起来的Web服务。安装方法是参考GitLab在GitHub上的Wiki页面。Gitlab是目前被广泛使用的基于git的开源代码管理平台, 基于Ruby on Rails构建, 主要针对软件开发过程中产生的代码和文档进行管理, Gitlab主要针对group和project两个维度进行代码和文档管理, 其中group是群组, project是工程项目, 一个group可以管理多个project, 可以理解为一个群组中有多项软件开发任务, 而一个project中可能包含多个branch, 意为每个项目中有多个分支, 分支间相互独立, 不同分支可以进行归并。

常用的版本控制工具:

  • gitlab
  • subversion

gitlab部署

部署需要至少4GB内存运行,如果不够尽量调制最高,方便后面编译

阿里云镜像源

#配置yum源 [root@localhost ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/ [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# rm -rf * [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# curl -o /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-vault-8.5.2111.repo [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# sed -i -e '/mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/d' -e '/mirrors.aliyuncs.com/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum install -y https://mirrors.aliyun.com/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# sed -i 's|^#baseurl=https://download.example/pub|baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com|' /etc/yum.repos.d/epel* [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# sed -i 's|^metalink|#metalink|' /etc/yum.repos.d/epel*  #关闭防火墙和selinux [root@localhost ~]# setenforce 0 [root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/selinux/config  SELINUX=disabled [root@localhost ~]# systemctl disable --now firewalld 

下载gitlab的包

下载policycoreutils-python依赖包

下载地址版本控制gitlab

版本控制gitlab

清华大学开源软件镜像站

下载gitlab-ce包

版本控制gitlab

#卸载依赖包 [root@localhost ~]# dnf -y remove policycoreutils  #下载包 [root@localhost ~]# wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/policycoreutils-python-2.5-34.el7.x86_64.rpm [root@localhost ~]# wget https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/gitlab-ce/yum/el7/gitlab-ce-15.3.3-ce.0.el7.x86_64.rpm [root@localhost ~]# ls anaconda-ks.cfg  gitlab-ce-15.3.3-ce.0.el7.x86_64.rpm  policycoreutils-python-2.5-34.el7.x86_64.rpm  [root@localhost ~]# yum -y install epel-release git [root@localhost ~]# yum -y install curl openssh-server openssh-clients postfix cronie perl 
#安装policycoreutils-python [root@localhost ~]# rpm -ivh --nodeps policycoreutils-python-2.5-34.el7.x86_64.rpm  warning: policycoreutils-python-2.5-34.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID f4a80eb5: NOKEY Verifying...                          ################################# [100%] Preparing...                          ################################# [100%] Updating / installing...    1:policycoreutils-python-2.5-34.el7################################# [100%]  #安装gitlab-ce [root@localhost ~]# rpm -ivh gitlab-ce-15.3.3-ce.0.el7.x86_64.rpm  warning: gitlab-ce-15.3.3-ce.0.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID f27eab47: NOKEY Verifying...                          ################################# [100%] Preparing...                          ################################# [100%] Updating / installing...    1:gitlab-ce-15.3.3-ce.0.el7        ################################# [100%] It looks like GitLab has not been configured yet; skipping the upgrade script.         *.                  *.       ***                 ***      *****               *****     .******             *******     ********            ********    ,,,,,,,,,***********,,,,,,,,,   ,,,,,,,,,,,*********,,,,,,,,,,,   .,,,,,,,,,,,*******,,,,,,,,,,,,       ,,,,,,,,,*****,,,,,,,,,.          ,,,,,,,****,,,,,,             .,,,***,,,,                 ,*,.           _______ __  __          __     / ____(_) /_/ /   ____ _/ /_    / / __/ / __/ /   / __ `/ __    / /_/ / / /_/ /___/ /_/ / /_/ /   ____/_/__/_____/__,_/_.___/     Thank you for installing GitLab! GitLab was unable to detect a valid hostname for your instance. Please configure a URL for your GitLab instance by setting `external_url` configuration in /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb file. Then, you can start your GitLab instance by running the following command:   sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure  For a comprehensive list of configuration options please see the Omnibus GitLab readme https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/omnibus-gitlab/blob/master/README.md  Help us improve the installation experience, let us know how we did with a 1 minute survey: https://gitlab.fra1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_6kVqZANThUQ1bZb?installation=omnibus&release=15-3  #启动postfix服务 [root@localhost ~]# systemctl enable --now postfix  #修改配置文件 [root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb external_url 'http://192.168.111.139'		//修改为主机IP  #重新配置需要等待一段时间 [root@localhost ~]# export LANG=en_US.UTF-8 [root@localhost ~]# bahs [root@localhost ~]# gitlab-ctl reconfigure [root@localhost ~]# ss -anlt State            Recv-Q           Send-Q                       Local Address:Port                       Peer Address:Port           Process            LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:9100                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:9229                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                128                              127.0.0.1:9168                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:8080                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                511                                0.0.0.0:80                              0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                128                              127.0.0.1:8082                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                128                              127.0.0.1:9236                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:8150                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                128                                0.0.0.0:22                              0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:8151                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:8153                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                100                              127.0.0.1:25                              0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:8154                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:8155                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                128                              127.0.0.1:8092                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                511                                0.0.0.0:8060                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:9121                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:9090                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:9187                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                             127.0.0.1:9093                            0.0.0.0:*                                 LISTEN           0                128                                  [::1]:9168                               [::]:*                                 LISTEN           0                128                                   [::]:22                                 [::]:*                                 LISTEN           0                100                                  [::1]:25                                 [::]:*                                 LISTEN           0                1024                                     *:9094                                  *:*                                  [root@localhost ~]# gitlab-ctl restart ok: run: alertmanager: (pid 53289) 0s ok: run: gitaly: (pid 53373) 1s ok: run: gitlab-exporter: (pid 53415) 0s ok: run: gitlab-kas: (pid 53417) 1s ok: run: gitlab-workhorse: (pid 53451) 0s ok: run: logrotate: (pid 53463) 0s ok: run: nginx: (pid 53469) 1s ok: run: node-exporter: (pid 53552) 0s ok: run: postgres-exporter: (pid 53561) 1s ok: run: postgresql: (pid 53596) 0s ok: run: prometheus: (pid 53611) 1s ok: run: puma: (pid 53647) 0s ok: run: redis: (pid 53728) 0s ok: run: redis-exporter: (pid 53734) 1s ok: run: sidekiq: (pid 53959) 0s  
#查看当前的gitlab版本 [root@localhost ~]# head -1 /opt/gitlab/version-manifest.txt gitlab-ce 15.3.3  #破解管理员密码 [root@localhost ~]# gitlab-rails console -e production --------------------------------------------------------------------------------  Ruby:         ruby 2.7.5p203 (2021-11-24 revision f69aeb8314) [x86_64-linux]  GitLab:       15.3.3 (c629a47f87f) FOSS  GitLab Shell: 14.10.0  PostgreSQL:   13.6 ------------------------------------------------------------[ booted in 19.84s ] Loading production environment (Rails 6.1.6.1) irb(main):001:0> user = User.where(id: 1).first => #<User id:1 @root> irb(main):002:0> user.password = '12345678' => "12345678" irb(main):003:0> user.password_confirmation = '12345678' => "12345678" irb(main):004:0> user.save! => true irb(main):005:0> exit 

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版本控制gitlab

版本控制gitlab