Linux安装Nginx并配置启动命令

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摘要

镜像下载、域名解析、时间同步请点击 阿里云开源镜像站因为Nginx依赖于gcc的编译环境,所以,需要安装编译环境来使Nginx能够编译起来

镜像下载、域名解析、时间同步请点击 阿里云开源镜像站

安装前准备工作

因为Nginx依赖于gcc的编译环境,所以,需要安装编译环境来使Nginx能够编译起来

yum install gcc-c++ 

Nginx的http模块需要使用pcre来解析正则表达式,需要安装pcre

yum install -y pcre pcre-devel 

安装依赖的解压包

yum install -y zlib zlib-devel 

ssl 功能需要 openssl 库,安装 openssl

yum install -y openssl openssl-devel 

下载Nginx

可以自己建立一个包,将nginx下载到这个路径,我设置的路径/opt/crm/nginx

如果需要其他nginx版本的可以参考 nginx仓库

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz 

下载完之后解压

tar zxvf nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz 

进入到解压之后的nginx目录

[root@localhost src]# cd nginx-1.10.2 [root@localhost nginx-1.10.2]# ./configure && make && make install 

如果要使用ssl

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module 

注意:如果配置了ssl,检查配置文件时报错

nginx -t nginx:[emerg]unknown directive ssl错误  去到nginx安装的目录 ./configure --with-http_ssl_module  注意要把新生成的文件复制到对应目录 cp objs/nginx /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx  显示成功就搞定 [root@iZ2ze02hshpth1x0vxo8r6Z sbin]# ./nginx -t nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful [root@iZ2ze02hshpth1x0vxo8r6Z sbin]#  

安装完之后查看安装目录

[root@izbp10k7vskcf4soxxbp5gz /]# whereis nginx nginx: /usr/local/nginx [root@izbp10k7vskcf4soxxbp5gz /]#  

通过查找文件名方式

[root@izbp10k7vskcf4soxxbp5gz /]# find / -name nginx /opt/crm/nginx /opt/crm/nginx/nginx-1.10.2/objs/nginx /usr/local/nginx /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx [root@izbp10k7vskcf4soxxbp5gz /]#  

直接执行

[root@izbp10k7vskcf4soxxbp5gz /]# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx [root@izbp10k7vskcf4soxxbp5gz /]# ps -ef | grep nginx root      4666     1  0 09:32 ?        00:00:00 nginx: master process /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf nobody    4667  4666  0 09:32 ?        00:00:00 nginx: worker process root      5028 29443  0 09:40 pts/0    00:00:00 grep --color=auto nginx [root@izbp10k7vskcf4soxxbp5gz /]#  

在浏览器输入服务器IP地址

Linux安装Nginx并配置启动命令

增加systemctl命令方式启动

直接启动和关闭nginx的方式

启动nginx的命令为     /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx   停止nginx的命令为    /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop 重启nginx的命令为    /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload 

配置方式 去到/usr/lib/systemd/system/目录新建一个nginx服务,给予执行权限

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service chmod +x /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service 

打开文件nginx.service新建内容

[Unit]                                                                                       Description=nginx - high performance web server               After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target     [Service]                                                                                  Type=forking                                                                         PIDFile=/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid                                ExecStartPre=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf    ExecStart=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf            ExecReload=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload                                                  ExecStop=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop                                                        ExecQuit=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s quit                                                         PrivateTmp=true                                                                    [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target  

保存之后重载Ststemctl命令

在启动服务之前,需要先重载systemctl命令 systemctl daemon-reload 

配置完之后

systemctl status nginx systemctl start nginx systemctl stop nginx systemctl restart nginx 

附上配置

#user  nobody; worker_processes  1;  #error_log  logs/error.log; #error_log  logs/error.log  notice; #error_log  logs/error.log  info;  #pid        logs/nginx.pid;   events {     worker_connections  65535; }   http {     include       mime.types;     default_type  application/octet-stream;      #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '     #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '     #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';      #access_log  logs/access.log  main;      sendfile        on;     #tcp_nopush     on;      #keepalive_timeout  0;     keepalive_timeout  65;      gzip    on;     #允许压缩的最小字节数     gzip_min_length 1k;     #4个单位为16k的内存作为压缩结果流缓存     gzip_buffers 4 16k;     #设置识别HTTP协议版本,默认是1.1     gzip_http_version 1.1;     #gzip压缩比,可在1~9中设置,1压缩比最小,速度最快,9压缩比最大,速度最慢,消耗CPU     gzip_comp_level 2;     #压缩的类型     gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;     #让前端的缓存服务器混村经过的gzip压缩的页面     gzip_vary   on;   	# 配置转发到8700 端口     upstream  huida{       server  127.0.0.1:8700;     }      server {         listen       80;         listen       443 ssl;  					 # 配置https,监听433端口         server_name  xxx.xxx;                    # 注意如果申请了域名配置再此,如果配置了证书才能https访问          error_page 405 =200 $request_uri;                 ssl_certificate  cert/7629385.pem;         ssl_certificate_key cert/7629385.key;          client_max_body_size 50m;         underscores_in_headers on;          proxy_set_header Host      $host;         proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;         proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;         index index.htm index.html index.php;          proxy_connect_timeout 60; #建立tcp协议的连接时间         proxy_send_timeout 60;    #发送接口的时间         proxy_read_timeout 60;    #读取时间(接口响应时间)          #charset koi8-r;         #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;           		# 配置转发       location /huida/ {                   add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' '*';                  add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET, POST, OPTIONS';                  add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range,Token';                  add_header 'Access-Control-Expose-Headers' 'DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range,Token';                proxy_pass http://huida;          }           location / {             root   /home/html/huida/;             index  index.html index.htm;         }           #静态文件交给nginx处理 代理前端静态资源         location ~ .*.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ioc|rar|zip|txt|flv|mid|doc|ppt|pdf|xls|mp3|wma)$         {           root /home/html/huida/;                 expires 12;         }          #静态文件交给nginx处理         location ~ .*.(js|css)?$         {           root /home/html/huida/;              expires 15d;         }          #error_page  404              /404.html;          # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html         #         error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;         location = /50x.html {             root   html;         }          # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80         #         #location ~ .php$ {         #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;         #}          # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000         #         #location ~ .php$ {         #    root           html;         #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;         #    fastcgi_index  index.php;         #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;         #    include        fastcgi_params;         #}          # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root         # concurs with nginx's one         #         #location ~ /.ht {         #    deny  all;         #}     }       # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration     #     #server {     #    listen       8000;     #    listen       somename:8080;     #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;      #    location / {     #        root   html;     #        index  index.html index.htm;     #    }     #}       # HTTPS server     #     #server {     #    listen       443 ssl;     #    server_name  localhost;      #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;     #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;      #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;     #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;      #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;     #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;      #    location / {     #        root   html;     #        index  index.html index.htm;     #    }     #}     } 

原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/YMZ8848/article/details/123438614