WPF-序列化

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所属分类:.NET技术
摘要

对象序列化需要在类上面加上[Serializable]调用:path是程序的exe目录,data是序列化文件的

 public class SerializeHelper {      #region 二进制格式   /// <summary>   ///  Binary 序列化使用前需要标记类可序列化   /// </summary>   /// <param name="fileName">序列化到指定的文件</param>   /// <param name="obj">需要序列化的类</param>   public static void BinarySerializer<T>(T obj, string fileName) where T : class   {       using (Stream fStream = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite))       {           try           {               if (!Directory.GetParent(fileName).Exists)               {                   Directory.GetParent(fileName).Create();               }               BinaryFormatter binFormat = new BinaryFormatter();//创建二进制序列化器               binFormat.Serialize(fStream, obj);               fStream.Close();           }           catch (Exception ex)           {               //HelperEvent.OnMessageColor?.Invoke("二进制文件序列化错误: " + ex.ToString(), Color.Red, "Main");           }       }   }    /// <summary>   /// Binary 反序列化使用前需要标记类可序列化   /// </summary>   /// <param name="filePath">从指定的文件序列化成相应对象</param>   /// <returns>反序列化后的类对象通过泛型限定</returns>   public static T BinaryDeserializer<T>(string fileName)   {       T obj = default(T);       if (System.IO.File.Exists(fileName))//检查文件是否存在       {           using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))           {               try               {                   fs.Position = 0;                   BinaryFormatter binFormat = new BinaryFormatter();//创建二进制序列化器                   obj = (T)binFormat.Deserialize(fs);                   fs.Close();                   return obj;               }               catch (System.Exception ex)               {                   //HelperEvent.OnMessageColor?.Invoke("二进制文件反序列化错误:" + ex.ToString(), Color.Red,"Main");                   MessageBox.Show("二进制文件反序列化错误:" + fileName + ex.ToString(),"Main");               }           }       }       return obj;   } #endregion           #region Json 格式               /// <summary>               /// 反序列化json文件               /// </summary>               /// <param name="fileName"></param>               /// <returns>反序列化后的类对象通过泛型限定</returns>               public static T DeserializeJson<T>(string fileName)               {                   T obj = default(T);                   try                   {                       if (!File.Exists(fileName)) return obj;                       return JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<T>(File.ReadAllText(fileName));                   }                   catch (Exception ex)                   {                       //HelperEvent.OnMessageColor?.Invoke("Json文件序列化错误: " + ex.ToString(), Color.Red, "Main");                   }                   return obj;               }                /// <summary>               /// 序列化json文件               /// </summary>               /// <typeparam name="T">序列化限定的泛型</typeparam>               /// <param name="fileName">文件路径</param>               public static void SerializeJson<T>(T obj, string fileName) where T : class               {                   try                   {                       string dir = fileName.Substring(0, fileName.LastIndexOf('\'));                       if (!Directory.Exists(dir))                       {                           Directory.CreateDirectory(dir);                       }                       var jsonSetting = new JsonSerializerSettings { NullValueHandling = NullValueHandling.Ignore };                       var json = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(obj, Newtonsoft.Json.Formatting.Indented, jsonSetting);                       File.WriteAllText(fileName, json);                   }                   catch (Exception ex)                   {                       //HelperEvent.OnMessageColor?.Invoke("Json文件反序列化错误: " + ex.ToString(), Color.Red, "Main");                   }               }                 #endregion                 #region XML格式                     /// <summary>                     ///                      ///《/summary>                     /// <typeparam name="T">限定的泛型类型</typeparam>                     /// <param name="fileName">文件路径</param>                     /// <param name="obj">序列化的对象</param>                     /// <param name="omitXmlDeclaration">是否需要xml版本描述</param>                     /// <param name="removeDefaultNameSpace">是否从新开始添加</param>                     public static void XmlSerialize<T>(string fileName, T obj, bool omitXmlDeclaration, bool removeDefaultNameSpace)                     {                         try                         {                             XmlWriterSettings xmlSetting = new XmlWriterSettings();                             xmlSetting.OmitXmlDeclaration = omitXmlDeclaration;                             xmlSetting.Indent = true;                             xmlSetting.Encoding = new UTF8Encoding(false);                             xmlSetting.NewLineChars = Environment.NewLine;                             using (XmlWriter xmlWriter = XmlWriter.Create(fileName, xmlSetting))                             {                                 XmlSerializerNamespaces xmlms = new XmlSerializerNamespaces();                                 if (removeDefaultNameSpace)                                 {                                     xmlms.Add(string.Empty, string.Empty);                                 }                                 XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(T));                                 ser.Serialize(xmlWriter, obj, xmlms);                             }                         }                         catch (Exception ex)                         {                             //HelperEvent.OnMessageColor?.Invoke("XML文件序列化错误: " + ex.ToString(), Color.Red, "Main");                         }                     }                      /// <summary>                     /// xml反序列化                     /// </summary>                     /// <typeparam name="T">限定的泛型类型</typeparam>                     /// <param name="fileName">文件路径</param>                     /// <returns>返回限定的泛型类</returns>                     public static T XmlDeserialize<T>(string fileName) where T : class                     {                         try                         {                             XmlReaderSettings xmlReaderSetting = new XmlReaderSettings();                             xmlReaderSetting.CloseInput = true;                             using (XmlReader xmlReader = XmlReader.Create(fileName, xmlReaderSetting))                             {                                 XmlSerializer xmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(T));                                 return (T)xmlSerializer.Deserialize(xmlReader);                             }                         }                         catch (Exception ex)                         {                             //HelperEvent.OnMessageColor?.Invoke("XML文件反序列化错误: " + ex.ToString(), Color.Red, "Main");                             return null;                         }                     }                  #endregion      } 

对象序列化需要在类上面加上[Serializable]

WPF-序列化

调用:path是程序的exe目录,data是序列化文件的

WPF-序列化