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云计算管理平台之OpenStack认证服务Keystone

  一、keystone简介

  keystone是openstack中的核心服务,它主要作用是实现用户认证和授权以及服务目录;所谓服务目录指所有可用服务的信息库,包含所有可用服务及其API endport路径;简单点讲就是存储各服务的API endport路径和各服务的其他信息;对于openstack的认证服务来讲,有几个核心的术语要了解下;

云计算管理平台之OpenStack认证服务Keystone

  user:这里指使用openstack的用户,一个用户可以以关联多个tenant(租户)

  tenant:租户,这里的租户指openstack上的项目project,或者一个组织;通常一个租户对应一个project或一个组织;

  role:角色,这里的角色类似Linux用户里的用户组概念,拥有授权为一个用户为一个角色,那么这个用户就拥有这个角色所对应的权限;

  token:令牌,用于认证和授权;这是另一种认证的方式;在openstack中各服务之间通过令牌来做认证的;

  service:服务,这个和我们理解的服务一样,没有特别的不一样;

  endport:服务端点,通常指服务访问入口;

  上述这些术语对应的数据,通常会用一个数据库来存储,我们把这个数据库统称为driver,对于不同类型的数据我们可以选择不同的driver来存储;比如对于token我们可以选择存储到k/v键值存储系统中,也可以选择存储在memcached中或者mysql中;catalog我们可以选择存储在k/v键值存储系统中,也可选择存储到mysql中,也可以选择存储到一个模板中;identity我们可以存储k/v键值存储系统中,也可选择存储到mysql中或者pam中也可以;

云计算管理平台之OpenStack认证服务Keystone

  提示:上图是一个用户在openstack上创建一个虚拟机内部验证的过程;首先用户要登入openstack上要把用户的用户名和密码发送给keystone进行验证,如果在keystone中验证通过后,keystone会给用户返回一个token,此时用户就可以拿着这个返回的token去计算节点请求nova服务,进行创建虚拟机请求,在nova服务接受到用户的请求后,nova它不能直接相信用户的token是否是keystone给的,它会把这个token发送给keystone进行验证,如果keystone验证通过,此时nova才会拿着这个token去请求glance进行虚拟机镜像请求,同样的glance也不相信nova拿到这个token,它会去找keystone验证,只有keystone通过后,glance才会把镜像发送给nova,nova拿到镜像启动虚拟机;启动虚拟机过程中nova还会拿着用户的token去请求neutron服务给虚拟机分配网络,同样neutron也是不相信nova的token,它也会去keystone上验证token,只有验证通过后才给nova创建的虚拟机分配网络;最后nova启动好虚拟以后在返回,告诉用户虚拟机启动成功;从上面的过程来看,几乎所有服务都会去keystone上验证用户的token,所以keystone服务会非常繁忙;

  二、keystone服务安装、配置、测试

  1、创建数据库

[root@node02 ~]# mysql Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or g. Your MariaDB connection id is 2 Server version: 10.1.20-MariaDB MariaDB Server  Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.  Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement.  MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE keystone; Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)  MariaDB [(none)]> SHOW DATABASES; +--------------------+ | Database           | +--------------------+ | information_schema | | keystone           | | mysql              | | performance_schema | | test               | +--------------------+ 5 rows in set (0.04 sec)  MariaDB [(none)]>  

  2、创建keystone用户并授权允许从任何主机连接数据库

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON keystone.* TO 'keystone'@'%'  IDENTIFIED BY 'keystone123'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)  MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)  MariaDB [(none)]>  

  验证:在node01上使用keystone用户连接数据库,看看是否能够正常连接?

[root@node01 ~]# mysql -ukeystone -pkeystone123 -hnode02 Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or g. Your MariaDB connection id is 4 Server version: 10.1.20-MariaDB MariaDB Server  Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.  Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement.  MariaDB [(none)]> show databases; +--------------------+ | Database           | +--------------------+ | information_schema | | keystone           | | test               | +--------------------+ 3 rows in set (0.00 sec)  MariaDB [(none)]>  

  提示:能够从别的主机用keystone账号连接到mysql,并看到我们刚才创建的数据库,说明我们创建的keystone账号没有问题;

  3、在控制节点安装openstack-keystone、httpd和mod_wsgi

[root@node01 ~]# yum install -y openstack-keystone httpd mod_wsgi Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile  * base: mirrors.aliyun.com  * centos-qemu-ev: mirrors.aliyun.com  * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com  * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package httpd.x86_64 0:2.4.6-93.el7.centos will be installed --> Processing Dependency: httpd-tools = 2.4.6-93.el7.centos for package: httpd-2.4.6-93.el7.centos.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: /etc/mime.types for package: httpd-2.4.6-93.el7.centos.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libaprutil-1.so.0()(64bit) for package: httpd-2.4.6-93.el7.centos.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: libapr-1.so.0()(64bit) for package: httpd-2.4.6-93.el7.centos.x86_64 ---> Package mod_wsgi.x86_64 0:3.4-18.el7 will be installed ……省略部分内容…… Dependency Installed:   MySQL-python.x86_64 0:1.2.5-1.el7                            apr.x86_64 0:1.4.8-5.el7                                          apr-util.x86_64 0:1.5.2-6.el7                                httpd-tools.x86_64 0:2.4.6-93.el7.centos                          mailcap.noarch 0:2.1.41-2.el7                                python-aniso8601.noarch 0:0.82-3.el7                              python-beaker.noarch 0:1.5.4-10.el7                          python-editor.noarch 0:0.4-4.el7                                  python-jwcrypto.noarch 0:0.4.2-1.el7                         python-keystone.noarch 1:14.2.0-1.el7                             python-mako.noarch 0:0.8.1-2.el7                             python-migrate.noarch 0:0.11.0-1.el7                              python-oslo-cache-lang.noarch 0:1.30.4-1.el7                 python-oslo-concurrency-lang.noarch 0:3.27.0-1.el7                python-oslo-db-lang.noarch 0:4.40.2-1.el7                    python-oslo-middleware-lang.noarch 0:3.36.0-1.el7                 python-oslo-policy-lang.noarch 0:1.38.1-1.el7                python-paste.noarch 0:1.7.5.1-9.20111221hg1498.el7                python-paste-deploy.noarch 0:1.5.2-6.el7                     python-pycadf-common.noarch 0:2.8.0-1.el7                         python-routes.noarch 0:2.4.1-1.el7                           python-sqlparse.noarch 0:0.1.18-5.el7                             python-tempita.noarch 0:0.5.1-8.el7                          python2-alembic.noarch 0:0.9.7-1.el7                              python2-amqp.noarch 0:2.4.0-1.el7                            python2-bcrypt.x86_64 0:3.1.6-2.el7                               python2-cachetools.noarch 0:2.1.0-1.el7                      python2-click.noarch 0:6.7-8.el7                                  python2-defusedxml.noarch 0:0.5.0-2.el7                      python2-eventlet.noarch 0:0.20.1-6.el7                            python2-fasteners.noarch 0:0.14.1-6.el7                      python2-flask.noarch 1:1.0.2-1.el7                                python2-flask-restful.noarch 0:0.3.6-7.el7                   python2-future.noarch 0:0.18.2-2.el7                              python2-futurist.noarch 0:1.7.0-1.el7                        python2-greenlet.x86_64 0:0.4.12-1.el7                            python2-itsdangerous.noarch 0:0.24-14.el7                    python2-jinja2.noarch 0:2.10-2.el7                                python2-keystonemiddleware.noarch 0:5.2.2-1.el7              python2-kombu.noarch 1:4.2.2-1.el7                                python2-ldap.x86_64 0:3.1.0-1.el7                            python2-ldappool.noarch 0:2.3.1-1.el7                             python2-markupsafe.x86_64 0:0.23-16.el7                      python2-oauthlib.noarch 0:2.0.1-8.el7                             python2-oslo-cache.noarch 0:1.30.4-1.el7                     python2-oslo-concurrency.noarch 0:3.27.0-1.el7                    python2-oslo-db.noarch 0:4.40.2-1.el7                        python2-oslo-messaging.noarch 0:8.1.4-1.el7                       python2-oslo-middleware.noarch 0:3.36.0-1.el7                python2-oslo-policy.noarch 0:1.38.1-1.el7                         python2-oslo-service.noarch 0:1.31.8-1.el7                   python2-osprofiler.noarch 0:2.3.1-1.el7                           python2-passlib.noarch 0:1.7.1-1.el7                         python2-pyasn1.noarch 0:0.3.7-6.el7                               python2-pyasn1-modules.noarch 0:0.3.7-6.el7                  python2-pycadf.noarch 0:2.8.0-1.el7                               python2-pyngus.noarch 0:2.3.0-1.el7                          python2-pysaml2.noarch 0:4.5.0-4.el7                              python2-qpid-proton.x86_64 0:0.32.0-2.el7                    python2-scrypt.x86_64 0:0.8.0-2.el7                               python2-sqlalchemy.x86_64 0:1.2.7-1.el7                      python2-statsd.noarch 0:3.2.1-5.el7                               python2-tenacity.noarch 0:4.12.0-1.el7                       python2-vine.noarch 0:1.2.0-1.el7                                 python2-webob.noarch 0:1.8.2-1.el7                           python2-werkzeug.noarch 0:0.14.1-3.el7                            qpid-proton-c.x86_64 0:0.32.0-2.el7                           Complete! [root@node01 ~]#  

  4、生成token

[root@node01 ~]# openssl  rand -hex 10 752e7981c9f3bb1b1a91 [root@node01 ~]#  

  5、编辑keystone配置文件/etc/keystone/keystone.conf,在default配置段里添加admin_token,把我们生成的token配置上;

云计算管理平台之OpenStack认证服务Keystone

  在database配置段配置连接数据库的地址;

云计算管理平台之OpenStack认证服务Keystone

  提示:连接数据库前边的mysql+pymysql://这一段不用变,默认格式就是这个,双斜线后面的是keystone用户,冒号后面是对应keystone用户的密码;@后面是数据库服务器地址;斜线后面是指连接那个数据库;我这里是因为配置了主机名解析,所以数据库服务器我用主机名代替了;

  在token配置段配置provider = fernet

云计算管理平台之OpenStack认证服务Keystone

  keystone的最终配置

[root@node01 ~]# grep  "^[a-Z[]" /etc/keystone/keystone.conf    [DEFAULT] admin_token = 752e7981c9f3bb1b1a91 [application_credential] [assignment] [auth] [cache] [catalog] [cors] [credential] [database] connection = mysql+pymysql://keystone:keystone123@node02/keystone [domain_config] [endpoint_filter] [endpoint_policy] [eventlet_server] [federation] [fernet_tokens] [healthcheck] [identity] [identity_mapping] [ldap] [matchmaker_redis] [memcache] [oauth1] [oslo_messaging_amqp] [oslo_messaging_kafka] [oslo_messaging_notifications] [oslo_messaging_rabbit] [oslo_messaging_zmq] [oslo_middleware] [oslo_policy] [policy] [profiler] [resource] [revoke] [role] [saml] [security_compliance] [shadow_users] [signing] [token] provider = fernet [tokenless_auth] [trust] [unified_limit] [wsgi] [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:这个配置文件是ini风格的配置文件,里面有很多配置段,其实生效的就只有我们刚才配置的三段;

  6、在控制节点初始化keystone数据库

[root@node01 ~]# su -s /bin/sh -c "keystone-manage db_sync" keystone [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:以上命令会通过我们刚才配置的连接数据库的地址,通过keystone连接到数据库中创建一堆表;

  验证:在node02上验证,看看keystone库中是否多了很多表?

MariaDB [(none)]> use keystone Reading table information for completion of table and column names You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A  Database changed MariaDB [keystone]> show tables; +-----------------------------+ | Tables_in_keystone          | +-----------------------------+ | access_token                | | application_credential      | | application_credential_role | | assignment                  | | config_register             | | consumer                    | | credential                  | | endpoint                    | | endpoint_group              | | federated_user              | | federation_protocol         | | group                       | | id_mapping                  | | identity_provider           | | idp_remote_ids              | | implied_role                | | limit                       | | local_user                  | | mapping                     | | migrate_version             | | nonlocal_user               | | password                    | | policy                      | | policy_association          | | project                     | | project_endpoint            | | project_endpoint_group      | | project_tag                 | | region                      | | registered_limit            | | request_token               | | revocation_event            | | role                        | | sensitive_config            | | service                     | | service_provider            | | system_assignment           | | token                       | | trust                       | | trust_role                  | | user                        | | user_group_membership       | | user_option                 | | whitelisted_config          | +-----------------------------+ 44 rows in set (0.00 sec)  MariaDB [keystone]>  

  7、在控制节点上初始化Fernet密钥

[root@node01 ~]# keystone-manage fernet_setup --keystone-user keystone --keystone-group keystone [root@node01 ~]# keystone-manage credential_setup --keystone-user keystone --keystone-group keystone [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:以上命令会在/etc/keystone/fernet-keys/目录下生成两个key文件;

  验证:查看/etc/keystone/fernet-keys/目录下是否有两个key生成?

[root@node01 ~]# ll /etc/keystone/fernet-keys/ total 8 -rw------- 1 keystone keystone 44 Oct 28 19:23 0 -rw------- 1 keystone keystone 44 Oct 28 19:23 1 [root@node01 ~]#  

  8、配置httpd代理keystone

云计算管理平台之OpenStack认证服务Keystone

  提示:以上主要修改了httpd的servername监听地址,其实这里不修改也行,不影响;重要的是下面的配置;

  把/usr/share/keystone/wsgi-keystone.conf连接至/etc/httpd/conf.d/下

[root@node01 ~]# ln -sv /usr/share/keystone/wsgi-keystone.conf /etc/httpd/conf.d/ ‘/etc/httpd/conf.d/wsgi-keystone.conf’ -> ‘/usr/share/keystone/wsgi-keystone.conf’ [root@node01 ~]# ll /etc/httpd/conf.d/ total 16 -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2926 Apr  2  2020 autoindex.conf -rw-r--r-- 1 root root  366 Apr  2  2020 README -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1252 Nov 27  2019 userdir.conf -rw-r--r-- 1 root root  824 Nov 27  2019 welcome.conf lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root   38 Oct 28 19:30 wsgi-keystone.conf -> /usr/share/keystone/wsgi-keystone.conf [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:以上操作就是把httpd代理keystone的配置导入到httpd中,默认安装keystone以后就会有一个这样的配置文件;我们只需要把这个配置文件软连接到httpd的配置目录下即可;

  启动httpd,并设置为开机启动

[root@node01 ~]# systemctl start httpd [root@node01 ~]# systemctl enable httpd Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service. [root@node01 ~]# ss -tnl State      Recv-Q Send-Q                  Local Address:Port                                 Peer Address:Port               LISTEN     0      128                                 *:22                                              *:*                   LISTEN     0      100                         127.0.0.1:25                                              *:*                   LISTEN     0      128                                :::80                                             :::*                   LISTEN     0      128                                :::22                                             :::*                   LISTEN     0      100                               ::1:25                                             :::*                   LISTEN     0      128                                :::5000                                           :::*                   [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:如果能够看到5000端口正常监听,说明我们导入的配置没有问题;

  9、通过OS_TOKEN环境变量导出admin的token,使用OS_URL环境变量导出控制节点api接口地址,使用OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION环境变量导出api的版本号

[root@node01 ~]# export  OS_TOKEN=752e7981c9f3bb1b1a91 [root@node01 ~]# export  OS_URL=http://node01:5000/v3 [root@node01 ~]# export  OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3 

  提示:这里的admin_token就是我们刚才在配置文件中配置的token;因为最开始我们只有手动生成一个token进行验证;

  10、在导出以上三个环境变量的终端上创建域、用户、项目、角色、服务;

  创建default域

[root@node01 ~]# openstack domain create --description "Default Domain" default +-------------+----------------------------------+ | Field       | Value                            | +-------------+----------------------------------+ | description | Default Domain                   | | enabled     | True                             | | id          | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | | name        | default                          | | tags        | []                               | +-------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建一个admin的项目 并把域指向default

[root@node01 ~]# openstack project create --domain default --description "Admin Project" admin +-------------+----------------------------------+ | Field       | Value                            | +-------------+----------------------------------+ | description | Admin Project                    | | domain_id   | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | | enabled     | True                             | | id          | b4e56eeb160948c581e98d685133d19a | | is_domain   | False                            | | name        | admin                            | | parent_id   | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | | tags        | []                               | +-------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建admin用户并设置密码为admin

[root@node01 ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt admin User Password: Repeat User Password: +---------------------+----------------------------------+ | Field               | Value                            | +---------------------+----------------------------------+ | domain_id           | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | | enabled             | True                             | | id                  | a105f256dc9f42438212e9d96d46b60d | | name                | admin                            | | options             | {}                               | | password_expires_at | None                             | +---------------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建admin角色

[root@node01 ~]# openstack role create admin +-----------+----------------------------------+ | Field     | Value                            | +-----------+----------------------------------+ | domain_id | None                             | | id        | 7f1f7aa119034c2fbd15b46b90632d18 | | name      | admin                            | +-----------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  给admin用户授权,将admin用户授予admin项目的admin角色

[root@node01 ~]# openstack role add --project admin --user admin admin [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建一个用于测试的demo项目

[root@node01 ~]# openstack project create --domain default --description "Demo Project" demo +-------------+----------------------------------+ | Field       | Value                            | +-------------+----------------------------------+ | description | Demo Project                     | | domain_id   | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | | enabled     | True                             | | id          | 1a918887f38a42c28f9d0d3774f34b16 | | is_domain   | False                            | | name        | demo                             | | parent_id   | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | | tags        | []                               | +-------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建demo用户并设置密码为demo

[root@node01 ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt demo User Password: Repeat User Password: +---------------------+----------------------------------+ | Field               | Value                            | +---------------------+----------------------------------+ | domain_id           | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | | enabled             | True                             | | id                  | 5453d68782a34429a7dab7da9c51f0d9 | | name                | demo                             | | options             | {}                               | | password_expires_at | None                             | +---------------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建一个user角色

[root@node01 ~]# openstack role create user +-----------+----------------------------------+ | Field     | Value                            | +-----------+----------------------------------+ | domain_id | None                             | | id        | ee2f38096e42409eb47ae67a8c289279 | | name      | user                             | +-----------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  把demo用户添加到demo项目,然后赋予user角色权限

[root@node01 ~]# openstack role add --project demo --user demo user [root@node01 ~]#  

  验证:查看现有的用户、项目、角色、域是否是我们创建的

[root@node01 ~]# openstack user list +----------------------------------+-------+ | ID                               | Name  | +----------------------------------+-------+ | 5453d68782a34429a7dab7da9c51f0d9 | demo  | | a105f256dc9f42438212e9d96d46b60d | admin | +----------------------------------+-------+ [root@node01 ~]# openstack project list +----------------------------------+-------+ | ID                               | Name  | +----------------------------------+-------+ | 1a918887f38a42c28f9d0d3774f34b16 | demo  | | b4e56eeb160948c581e98d685133d19a | admin | +----------------------------------+-------+ [root@node01 ~]# openstack role list    +----------------------------------+-------+ | ID                               | Name  | +----------------------------------+-------+ | 7f1f7aa119034c2fbd15b46b90632d18 | admin | | ee2f38096e42409eb47ae67a8c289279 | user  | +----------------------------------+-------+ [root@node01 ~]# openstack domain list +----------------------------------+---------+---------+----------------+ | ID                               | Name    | Enabled | Description    | +----------------------------------+---------+---------+----------------+ | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | default | True    | Default Domain | +----------------------------------+---------+---------+----------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:可以看到当前控制节点上有两个用户,两个项目,两个角色,分别是admin和demo;一个default域;这都是我们刚才创建的;

  创建一个service项目,各服务之间与keystone进行访问和认证,service用于给服务创建用户;

[root@node01 ~]# openstack project create --domain default   --description "Service Project" service +-------------+----------------------------------+ | Field       | Value                            | +-------------+----------------------------------+ | description | Service Project                  | | domain_id   | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | | enabled     | True                             | | id          | 9c9d6f24fc23464a810ef97ce199bffa | | is_domain   | False                            | | name        | service                          | | parent_id   | 47c0915c914c49bb8670703e4315a80f | | tags        | []                               | +-------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建一个keystone认证服务

[root@node01 ~]# openstack service create  --name keystone --description "OpenStack Identity" identity +-------------+----------------------------------+ | Field       | Value                            | +-------------+----------------------------------+ | description | OpenStack Identity               | | enabled     | True                             | | id          | a32cffed26924a87b21b4e86e00c63b4 | | name        | keystone                         | | type        | identity                         | +-------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  查看当前服务列表

[root@node01 ~]# openstack service list +----------------------------------+----------+----------+ | ID                               | Name     | Type     | +----------------------------------+----------+----------+ | a32cffed26924a87b21b4e86e00c63b4 | keystone | identity | +----------------------------------+----------+----------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  11、创建endpoint(注册服务)

  创建公共端

[root@node01 ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne identity public http://controller:5000/v3 +--------------+----------------------------------+ | Field        | Value                            | +--------------+----------------------------------+ | enabled      | True                             | | id           | 5293ad18db674ea1b01d8f401cb2cf14 | | interface    | public                           | | region       | RegionOne                        | | region_id    | RegionOne                        | | service_id   | a32cffed26924a87b21b4e86e00c63b4 | | service_name | keystone                         | | service_type | identity                         | | url          | http://controller:5000/v3        | +--------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建私有端

[root@node01 ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne identity internal http://controller:5000/v3 +--------------+----------------------------------+ | Field        | Value                            | +--------------+----------------------------------+ | enabled      | True                             | | id           | 6593f8d808094b01a6311828f2ef72bd | | interface    | internal                         | | region       | RegionOne                        | | region_id    | RegionOne                        | | service_id   | a32cffed26924a87b21b4e86e00c63b4 | | service_name | keystone                         | | service_type | identity                         | | url          | http://controller:5000/v3        | +--------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建管理端

[root@node01 ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne identity admin http://controller:5000/v3 +--------------+----------------------------------+ | Field        | Value                            | +--------------+----------------------------------+ | enabled      | True                             | | id           | 3bd05493999b462eb4b4af8d5e5c1fa9 | | interface    | admin                            | | region       | RegionOne                        | | region_id    | RegionOne                        | | service_id   | a32cffed26924a87b21b4e86e00c63b4 | | service_name | keystone                         | | service_type | identity                         | | url          | http://controller:5000/v3        | +--------------+----------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  验证:看看endport 列表是否都已经有我们刚才创建的三个端点?

[root@node01 ~]# openstack endpoint list +----------------------------------+-----------+--------------+--------------+---------+-----------+---------------------------+ | ID                               | Region    | Service Name | Service Type | Enabled | Interface | URL                       | +----------------------------------+-----------+--------------+--------------+---------+-----------+---------------------------+ | 3bd05493999b462eb4b4af8d5e5c1fa9 | RegionOne | keystone     | identity     | True    | admin     | http://controller:5000/v3 | | 5293ad18db674ea1b01d8f401cb2cf14 | RegionOne | keystone     | identity     | True    | public    | http://controller:5000/v3 | | 6593f8d808094b01a6311828f2ef72bd | RegionOne | keystone     | identity     | True    | internal  | http://controller:5000/v3 | +----------------------------------+-----------+--------------+--------------+---------+-----------+---------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:如果创建错误或者多创建了,就需要全部删除,重新注册;

  到此keystone服务就配置完了;接下来测试keystone是否可以用来做认证服务

  验证:重新打开一个终端窗口,导出OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION环境变量,使用命令的方式验证admin用户密码是admin

[root@node01 ~]# echo $OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION  [root@node01 ~]# export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3 [root@node01 ~]# echo $OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION    3 [root@node01 ~]# openstack --os-auth-url http://node01:5000/v3 --os-project-domain-name default --os-user-domain-name default  --os-project-name admin  --os-username admin token issue Password:  +------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Field      | Value                                                                                                                                                                                   | +------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | expires    | 2020-10-28T13:16:54+0000                                                                                                                                                                | | id         | gAAAAABfmWE2udKuo4ambgxh3RsrzoDwrA8IHa1dx5gYk_sZoU5HmZUM9qHTguwMasYGzRIno0LawlZDbB4i3IJold3sZdAlEZGwiNuPtYJMgP5nikDUR8YrXNPNQNDMjCchDMMN6bWhZ26pQXVEZ0VXcN5v5xOj_bx7nskJ8bnvKWFiRf4ckPQ | | project_id | b4e56eeb160948c581e98d685133d19a                                                                                                                                                        | | user_id    | a105f256dc9f42438212e9d96d46b60d                                                                                                                                                        | +------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:输入正确的密码会返回一个表,记录的有过期时长,id,和项目id和用户id;如果输入密码错误则不会返回这些内容,其实这些内容主要用来描述返回给用户token属性,我们可以理解它就是返回了这样一个token给我们;

[root@node01 ~]# openstack --os-auth-url http://node01:5000/v3 --os-project-domain-name default --os-user-domain-name default  --os-project-name admin  --os-username admin token issue Password:  The request you have made requires authentication. (HTTP 401) (Request-ID: req-79d8afbe-56dc-47f9-ab4e-8065a295923e) [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:输入错误的密码它给我们返回了响应码为401,表示验证未通过;

  创建admin用户环境变量脚本

[root@node01 ~]# cat admin.sh #!/bin/bash export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=Default export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=Default export OS_PROJECT_NAME=admin export OS_USERNAME=admin export OS_PASSWORD=admin export OS_AUTH_URL=http://controller:5000/v3 export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3 export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2 [root@node01 ~]# chmod a+x admin.sh [root@node01 ~]#  

  创建demo用户环境变量脚本

[root@node01 ~]# cat demo.sh #!/bin/bash export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=Default export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=Default export OS_PROJECT_NAME=demo export OS_USERNAME=demo export OS_PASSWORD=demo export OS_AUTH_URL=http://controller:5000/v3 export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3 export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2 [root@node01 ~]# chmod a+x demo.sh [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:有了上面两个脚本以后,我们就实现要使用那个用户测试,直接把对应的用户环境变量导出即可;

  验证:测试admin用户的环境变量脚本是否可用?

[root@node01 ~]# ll total 8 -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 272 Oct 28 20:23 admin.sh -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 269 Oct 28 20:24 demo.sh [root@node01 ~]# source admin.sh  [root@node01 ~]# openstack token issue +------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Field      | Value                                                                                                                                                                                   | +------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | expires    | 2020-10-28T13:29:08+0000                                                                                                                                                                | | id         | gAAAAABfmWQU2Z97wzxv94lLY4hcSWe4X6Udp_OyeYw3_wY54_znLFb4TFLcMnR96-ogNAcJEvXiQcJWdvQJHBObYbR-gAEulagQq2sjXLxedMYLUN4j2y_L4G5NhbaogGKtHed4WMR0N72Js4INyHjKWCwwSd2d4NJpZUe14pQjNX8ihleP09g | | project_id | b4e56eeb160948c581e98d685133d19a                                                                                                                                                        | | user_id    | a105f256dc9f42438212e9d96d46b60d                                                                                                                                                        | +------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:重新开一个终端,导出admin用户环境变量,然后直接使用openstack token issue命令就能验证admin用户;有了这个环境变量脚本,我们不用输密码和不用写那么长的命令了;

  验证demo用户的环境变量脚本

[root@node01 ~]# ll total 8 -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 272 Oct 28 20:23 admin.sh -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 269 Oct 28 20:24 demo.sh [root@node01 ~]# source demo.sh  [root@node01 ~]# openstack token issue +------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Field      | Value                                                                                                                                                                                   | +------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | expires    | 2020-10-28T13:31:34+0000                                                                                                                                                                | | id         | gAAAAABfmWSmj5PHp8x3m3szKwZ0_dWSdY-JM-TBbo-bMk4OaTHl3BLNVrglKXRMe5jpbCOBPb5l2AyHWVvzvJdi2Jx4va7PJksJGlx_JluhOx9vry1kjiZoKcW7Ri3Y7qkYFvDcpDHXy0KkYeHSyMW9zjNaFvvJtrPpozgfw7gsghYJNfZoYz0 | | project_id | 1a918887f38a42c28f9d0d3774f34b16                                                                                                                                                        | | user_id    | 5453d68782a34429a7dab7da9c51f0d9                                                                                                                                                        | +------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ [root@node01 ~]#  

  提示:demo用户的环境变量脚本也都能够正常通过验证;到此keystone服务的安装配置测试就完成了;

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