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zabbix–5.0.2部署手册

软件说明

软件 版本 备注
zabbix-server-mysql 5.0.2 宿主机部署
zabbix-agent 5.0.2 宿主机部署
zabbix-web-nginx-mysql 5.0.2 docker方式部署
mysql 8.0.21 宿主机部署
grafana 6.6.2 宿主机部署

最终效果预览
zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

 

安装MySQL

✏️ 下载软件包

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# mkdir /data/tools [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# cd /data/tools/ [root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# cat << EOF >download.sh #!/bin/bash wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-8.0/mysql-community-client-8.0.21-1.el7.x86_64.rpm wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-8.0/mysql-community-devel-8.0.21-1.el7.x86_64.rpm wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-8.0/mysql-community-embedded-compat-8.0.21-1.el7.x86_64.rpm wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-8.0/mysql-community-libs-8.0.21-1.el7.x86_64.rpm wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-8.0/mysql-community-libs-compat-8.0.21-1.el7.x86_64.rpm wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-8.0/mysql-community-server-8.0.21-1.el7.x86_64.rpm wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-8.0/mysql-community-common-8.0.21-1.el7.x86_64.rpm wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/zabbix/zabbix/5.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-server-mysql-5.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/zabbix/zabbix/5.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-get-5.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm EOF  [root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# bash download.sh 

✏️ 安装

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# yum localinstall ./mysql-community-* -y 

✏️ 修改配置文件(更改数据存放路径)

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# grep -v -E '^#|^$' /etc/my.cnf [mysqld] default-storage-engine=InnoDB datadir=/data/mysql/ socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid 

✏️ 启动

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# systemctl start mysqld [root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# systemctl enable mysqld 

✏️ 修改密码

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# grep password /var/log/mysqld.log  #过滤出默认密码 2020-09-07T06:22:11.617861Z 6 [Note] [MY-010454] [Server] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: Nyf9I2Eglh/q [root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# mysql -u root -p Enter password:  ......  mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY "Zabbix#qaz#123"; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec) 

✏️ 创建zabbix库和用户

mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin; Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)  mysql> create user 'zabbix'@'%' identified by 'Zabbix@123'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)  mysql> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to 'zabbix'@'%' with grant option; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)  mysql> alter  user 'zabbix'@'%' identified with mysql_native_password by "Zabbix@123"; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)  mysql> select user,host,plugin from mysql.user; +------------------+-----------+-----------------------+ | user             | host      | plugin                | +------------------+-----------+-----------------------+ | zabbix           | %         | mysql_native_password | | mysql.infoschema | localhost | caching_sha2_password | | mysql.session    | localhost | caching_sha2_password | | mysql.sys        | localhost | caching_sha2_password | | root             | localhost | caching_sha2_password | +------------------+-----------+-----------------------+ 5 rows in set (0.00 sec) 

 

安装zabbix-server

✏️ 安装依赖fping

# 安装依赖fping [root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo [root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# yum install fping -y   

✏️ 安装zabbix

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# yum localinstall zabbix-server-mysql-5.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm -y [root@tfryb-04-30-02 tools]# yum localinstall zabbix-get-5.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm -y 

✏️ 配置zabbix

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# cp /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf{,.bck}  [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# grep -v -E "^#|^$" /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf  LogFile=/var/log/zabbix/zabbix_server.log LogFileSize=0 PidFile=/var/run/zabbix/zabbix_server.pid SocketDir=/var/run/zabbix DBName=zabbix DBUser=zabbix DBPassword=Zabbix@123 SNMPTrapperFile=/var/log/snmptrap/snmptrap.log Timeout=4 AlertScriptsPath=/usr/lib/zabbix/alertscripts ExternalScripts=/usr/lib/zabbix/externalscripts LogSlowQueries=3000 StatsAllowedIP=127.0.0.1 

✏️ 导入zabbix数据库文件

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-5.0.2/create.sql.gz |mysql -uroot -pYotta#qaz#123 zabbix  [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# mysql -u root -pYotta#qaz#123 -e "show tables from zabbix" mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure. +----------------------------+ | Tables_in_zabbix           | +----------------------------+ | acknowledges               | | actions                    | | alerts                     | | application_discovery      | | application_prototype      | | application_template       | | applications               | | auditlog                   | | auditlog_details           | | autoreg_host               | | conditions                 | | config                     | | config_autoreg_tls         | | corr_condition             | | corr_condition_group       | | corr_condition_tag         | | corr_condition_tagpair     | | corr_condition_tagvalue    | | corr_operation             | | correlation                | | dashboard                  | | dashboard_user             | | dashboard_usrgrp           | | dbversion                  | | dchecks                    | | dhosts                     | | drules                     | | dservices                  | | escalations                | | event_recovery             | | event_suppress             | | event_tag                  | | events                     | | expressions                | | functions                  | | globalmacro                | | globalvars                 | | graph_discovery            | | graph_theme                | | graphs                     | | graphs_items               | | group_discovery            | | group_prototype            | | history                    | | history_log                | | history_str                | | history_text               | | history_uint               | | host_discovery             | | host_inventory             | | host_tag                   | | hostmacro                  | | hosts                      | | hosts_groups               | | hosts_templates            | | housekeeper                | | hstgrp                     | | httpstep                   | | httpstep_field             | | httpstepitem               | | httptest                   | | httptest_field             | | httptestitem               | | icon_map                   | | icon_mapping               | | ids                        | | images                     | | interface                  | | interface_discovery        | | interface_snmp             | | item_application_prototype | | item_condition             | | item_discovery             | | item_preproc               | | item_rtdata                | | items                      | | items_applications         | | lld_macro_path             | | lld_override               | | lld_override_condition     | | lld_override_opdiscover    | | lld_override_operation     | | lld_override_ophistory     | | lld_override_opinventory   | | lld_override_opperiod      | | lld_override_opseverity    | | lld_override_opstatus      | | lld_override_optag         | | lld_override_optemplate    | | lld_override_optrends      | | maintenance_tag            | | maintenances               | | maintenances_groups        | | maintenances_hosts         | | maintenances_windows       | | mappings                   | | media                      | | media_type                 | | media_type_message         | | media_type_param           | | module                     | | opcommand                  | | opcommand_grp              | | opcommand_hst              | | opconditions               | | operations                 | | opgroup                    | | opinventory                | | opmessage                  | | opmessage_grp              | | opmessage_usr              | | optemplate                 | | problem                    | | problem_tag                | | profiles                   | | proxy_autoreg_host         | | proxy_dhistory             | | proxy_history              | | regexps                    | | rights                     | | screen_user                | | screen_usrgrp              | | screens                    | | screens_items              | | scripts                    | | service_alarms             | | services                   | | services_links             | | services_times             | | sessions                   | | slides                     | | slideshow_user             | | slideshow_usrgrp           | | slideshows                 | | sysmap_element_trigger     | | sysmap_element_url         | | sysmap_shape               | | sysmap_url                 | | sysmap_user                | | sysmap_usrgrp              | | sysmaps                    | | sysmaps_elements           | | sysmaps_link_triggers      | | sysmaps_links              | | tag_filter                 | | task                       | | task_acknowledge           | | task_check_now             | | task_close_problem         | | task_data                  | | task_remote_command        | | task_remote_command_result | | task_result                | | timeperiods                | | trends                     | | trends_uint                | | trigger_depends            | | trigger_discovery          | | trigger_tag                | | triggers                   | | users                      | | users_groups               | | usrgrp                     | | valuemaps                  | | widget                     | | widget_field               | +----------------------------+  

✏️ 启动

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# systemctl start zabbix-server.service [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# systemctl enable zabbix-server.service 

 

安装docker

yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2 yum-config-manager --add-repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo yum -y install docker-ce sed -i 's#ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd.*#ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd#' /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service  mkdir /etc/docker /data/docker cat >/etc/docker/daemon.json<<EOF {   "registry-mirrors": ["https://15y9mzqb.mirror.aliyuncs.com"],   "exec-opts": ["native.cgroupdriver=systemd"],   "graph": "/data/docker" } EOF systemctl daemon-reload  systemctl enable docker systemctl start docker systemctl status docker 

 

安装zabbix-web

✏️ 下载镜像

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# docker pull zabbix/zabbix-web-nginx-mysql:centos-5.0.2  [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# docker images  REPOSITORY                      TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE zabbix/zabbix-web-nginx-mysql   centos-5.0.2        c552ec85c6c8        7 weeks ago         439MB 

✏️ 启动zabbix-web

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# docker run --name zabbix-web-nginx-mysql  	-e DB_SERVER_HOST="172.24.xxx.xxx"  	-e MYSQL_DATABASE="zabbix"  	-e MYSQL_USER="zabbix"  	-e MYSQL_PASSWORD="Zabbix@123"  	-e ZBX_SERVER_HOST="172.24.xxx.xxx"  	-e PHP_TZ="Asia/Shanghai"  	-p 80:8080  	-d zabbix/zabbix-web-nginx-mysql:centos-5.0.2 	 	 [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# docker ps CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                        COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                            NAMES a3291b17f364        zabbix/zabbix-web-nginx-mysql:centos-5.0.2   "docker-entrypoint.sh"   3 seconds ago       Up 10 minutes       8443/tcp, 0.0.0.0:80->8080/tcp   zabbix-web-nginx-mysql  

✏️ Web访问 http://172.24.xxx.xxx

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

 

解决乱码问题

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

# 1.上传字体到服务器 [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# ls simkai.ttf  simkai.ttf  # 2.将字体copy到容器中 [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# docker cp simkai.ttf zabbix-web-nginx-mysql:/usr/share/zabbix/assets/fonts/  # 3.进入容器中进行配置 [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# docker exec -it zabbix-web-nginx-mysql /bin/bash bash-4.4$ ls /usr/share/zabbix/assets/fonts/ DejaVuSans.ttf	simkai.ttf bash-4.4$ vi /usr/share/zabbix/include/defines.inc.php #更改前 // define('ZBX_GRAPH_FONT_NAME',                'DejaVuSans'); // font file name #更改后 define('ZBX_GRAPH_FONT_NAME',           'simkai'); // font file name 

✏️ 验证修改后的字体

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

 

安装zabbix-agent

这里采用ansible安装zabbix-agent

✏️ 下载软件包(在ansible server端下载zabbix-agent软件包)

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# cd /data/tools/ [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# wget https://mirrors.huaweicloud.com/zabbix/zabbix/5.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-agent-5.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm 

✏️ 编写playbook

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# mkdir /data/tools/playbook -p [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# cd /data/tools/playbook/ [root@tfryb-04-30-02 playbook]# cat playbook_zabbix_agent.yml  --- - hosts: tdsql_test    #需要安装的主机,或者主机组   remote_user: root   vars:      - src_package_path: /data/tools/zabbix-agent-5.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm   #ansible server上zabbix-agent包的路径     - dest_package_path: /root/zabbix-agent-5.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm        tasks:     - name: Copy package zabbix-agent       copy: src={{ src_package_path }} dest={{ dest_package_path }} backup=yes      - name: Install zabbix agent       yum: name={{ dest_package_path }} state=installed      - name: Config zabbix agent       template: src=zabbix_agentd.conf.j2 dest=/etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf       notify: Restart zabbix agent      - name: Start zabbix agent       service: name=zabbix-agent.service state=started    handlers:     - name: Restart zabbix agent       service: name=zabbix-agent.service state=restarted 

✏️ 准备配置文件模板

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# cd /data/tools/playbook/ [root@tfryb-04-30-02 playbook]# cat zabbix_agentd.conf.j2  PidFile=/var/run/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.pid LogFile=/var/log/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.log LogFileSize=0 Server=172.24.xxx.xxx ServerActive=172.24.xxx.xxx:10051 Hostname={{ ansible_all_ipv4_addresses[0] }} HostMetadataItem=system.uname Include=/etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/*.conf 

✏️ 安装

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 playbook]# ansible-playbook playbook_zabbix_agent.yml  PLAY [tdsql_test] *************************************************************   GATHERING FACTS ***************************************************************  ok: [172.24.xxx.xx] ok: [172.24.xxx.xx] ok: [172.24.xxx.xx] ok: [172.24.xxx.xx] ok: [172.24.xxx.xx] ...... 

✏️ 执行完成验证下配置文件是否正确

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 playbook]# ansible tdsql_test -m shell -a "cat /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf" 

 

微信告警

✏️ zabbix server配置文件修改

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# vim /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf AlertScriptsPath=/usr/lib/zabbix/alertscripts 

✏️ 报警脚本编写

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# vim /usr/lib/zabbix/alertscripts/weixin.py  #!/usr/bin/python2.7.5 #_*_coding:utf-8 _*_   import urllib,urllib2 import json import sys import simplejson  reload(sys) sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')   def gettoken(corpid,corpsecret):     gettoken_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid=' + corpid + '&corpsecret=' + corpsecret     try:         token_file = urllib2.urlopen(gettoken_url)     except urllib2.HTTPError as e:         print e.code         print e.read().decode("utf8")         sys.exit()     token_data = token_file.read().decode('utf-8')     token_json = json.loads(token_data)     token_json.keys()     token = token_json['access_token']     return token   def senddata(access_token,user,subject,content):     send_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send?access_token=' + access_token     send_values = {         "touser":"@all",   #企业号中的用户帐号,在zabbix用户Media中配置,如果配置不正常,将按部门发送。         "toparty":"2PURL",        #企业号中的部门id。         "msgtype":"text",     #消息类型。         "agentid":"1000038",  #企业号中的应用id。         "text":{             "content":subject + 'n' + content            },         "safe":"0"         }     send_data = simplejson.dumps(send_values, ensure_ascii=False).encode('utf-8')     send_request = urllib2.Request(send_url, send_data)     response = json.loads(urllib2.urlopen(send_request).read())     print str(response)   if __name__ == '__main__':     user = str(sys.argv[1])     #zabbix传过来的第一个参数     subject = str(sys.argv[2])  #zabbix传过来的第二个参数     content = str(sys.argv[3])  #zabbix传过来的第三个参数      corpid =  'ww235ddb83xxxxxxxx'     #企业号的标识(上文中提到获取位置)     corpsecret = 'NEtVoiQmgQBsBZ2IOrMdHG2CU9vxxxxxxxxxxx'    #管理组凭证密钥(上文中提到获取位置)     accesstoken = gettoken(corpid,corpsecret)     senddata(accesstoken,user,subject,content) 

✏️ web界面添加报警媒介

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

✏️ 添加完成可以进行测试

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

✏️ 给用户添加报警媒介

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

✏️ 配置一个告警动作

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

上面步骤配置完成后,可以测试模拟一个故障,便会通过微信接收到告警信息。

补充:告警消息模板

告警操作消息内容:

告警主机:{HOST.NAME} 主机IP: {HOST.IP}  告警时间:{EVENT.DATE} {EVENT.TIME}  告警等级:{TRIGGER.SEVERITY}  告警详情:{TRIGGER.NAME}  问题状态:{ITEM.VALUE}  当前状态:{TRIGGER.STATUS}  事件ID: {EVENT.ID} 

告警恢复消息内容:

告警主机:{HOST.NAME} 主机IP: {HOST.IP}  告警时间:{EVENT.DATE} {EVENT.TIME}  告警等级:{TRIGGER.SEVERITY}  告警详情:{TRIGGER.NAME}  问题状态:{ITEM.VALUE}  当前状态:{TRIGGER.STATUS}  事件ID: {EVENT.ID} 

 

安装Grafana

✏️ 安装grafana

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# yum localinstall grafana-6.6.2-1.x86_64.rpm -y 

✏️ 启动

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# systemctl start grafana-server.service  [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# systemctl enable grafana-server.service 

✏️ Web访问http://172.24.115.129:3000/

默认账户:admin 密码:admin ,首次登陆后会要求修改密码。Admin#123zaQ

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

✏️ 安装zabbix插件

由于网络问题,该插件下载巨慢,故采用离线方式进行安装

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# unzip alexanderzobnin-zabbix-app-4.0.1.zip [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# mv alexanderzobnin-zabbix-app /var/lib/grafana/plugins/ [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# ls /var/lib/grafana/plugins/ alexanderzobnin-zabbix-app [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# systemctl restart grafana-server.service 

✏️ web界面激活zabbix插件

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

注:如安装最新的zabbix插件会出现问题

grafana里面plugins列表里面有zabbix,但是添加数据源的时候列表里面找不到,zabbix已经enable

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

解决办法

1.修改配置文件 [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# vim /etc/grafana/grafana.ini #默认情况下,未签名的插件不会加载,因此请在Grafana配置文件中允许它 allow_loading_unsigned_plugins = alexanderzobnin-zabbix-datasource  2.重启grafana [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# systemctl restart grafana-server 

✏️ 添加zabbix数据源

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

✏️ 配置模板

zabbix--5.0.2部署手册

该模板需要安装grafana-piechart-panel插件

[root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# grafana-cli plugins list-remote  |grep grafana-piechart-panel id: grafana-piechart-panel version: 1.6.0  [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# grafana-cli plugins install grafana-piechart-panel installing grafana-piechart-panel @ 1.6.0 from: https://grafana.com/api/plugins/grafana-piechart-panel/versions/1.6.0/download into: /var/lib/grafana/plugins  ✔ Installed grafana-piechart-panel successfully   Restart grafana after installing plugins . <service grafana-server restart>   [root@tfryb-04-30-02 ~]# systemctl restart grafana-server.service 

导入模板Zabbix5.0.2服务器基础监控grafana模板.json

☑️ 备注:

grafana的”Zabbix5.0.2服务器基础监控grafana模板.json”模板需要和zabbix 的监控模板”zbx_Base_Monitor_templates.xml”配合一起使用。 该模板如需要,请联系我。

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